Zidovudine- versus Tenofovir-Based Antiretroviral Therapy for the Initial Treatment of HIV Infection in the Ethnic Minority Region of Liangshan Prefecture, Sichuan Province, China

Cedric P. Cheung, Wen Hong Lai, Jonathan Shuter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Tenofovir (TDF)-based highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), as recommended by the World Health Organization guidelines for HIV-naive patients, has been limited in resource-constrained settings. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of zidovudine-(ZDV) versus TDF-based HAART in the Yi minority region of Sichuan Province, China at a single HIV treatment center. Methods: The primary end point was the attainment of an HIV viral load <50 copies/mL. Secondary end points included change in CD4 level, adverse reactions, mortality, and sustained virologic suppression. Results: Of the 361 total participants, recipients of TDF-based HAART were more likely to achieve viral load <50 copies/mL (60% versus 46%, odds ratio [OR] = 1.7, P =.016) as well as sustained virologic suppression (61% versus 28%, OR = 3.4, P =.001). Tenofovir (adjusted odds ratio [ORadj] = 1.71, P =.025) and female sex (ORadj = 1.93, P =.003) were identified as independent predictors of achieving HIV viral load <50 copies/mL in the multivariate logistic regression analysis. Conclusion: Among Chinese Yi minority HIV-infected participants, TDF-based HAART was superior to ZDV-based HAART for initial treatment of HIV infection, suggesting TDF-based HAART should be the regimen of choice in China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)189-193
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the International Association of Providers of AIDS Care
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2017

Keywords

  • HAART
  • HIV
  • HIV viral load
  • tenofovir
  • zidovudine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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