walking While talking in older adults With chronic kidney disease

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background and objectives Walking While talking is a dual cognitive-motor task that predicts frailty, falls, and cognitive decline in the general elderly population. Adults With CKD have gait abnormalities during usual Walking. It is unknown Whether they have greater gait abnormalities and cognitive-motor interference during Walking While talking. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Community-dwelling, nondisabled adults (n5330) $65 years of age underwent quantitative gait analysis, including Walking While talking. Differences in Walking-while-talking performance by CKD status Were evaluated, and relative changes between Walking-while-talking and Walking alone performance Were computed to quantify cognitive-motor interference (dual-task cost). Associations Were tested using multivariable linear spline regression models, and independent gait domains Were derived using factor analysis. CKD Was definedasaneGFR<60 ml/min per 1.73 m2. Results CKD Was present in 134 (41%) participants. Participants With CKD had slower gait speed along With various gait cycle abnormalities during Walking While talking: among those With CKD, every 10-ml/min per 1.73 m2 lower eGFR Was associated With 3.3-cm/s (95% confidence interval, 0.4 to 6.1) slower gait speed, 1.8-cm (95% confidence interval, 0.6 to 3.0) shorter step length, 1.1% (95% confidence interval, 0.6 to 1.7) less time in the swing phase, and 1.4% (95% confidence interval, 0.5 to 2.3) greater time in double support after multivariable adjustment. When comparing Walking While talking With Walking alone, every 10-ml/min per 1.73 m2 lower eGFR Was associated With 1.8% (95% confidence interval, 0.5 to 3.2) greater decrease in time in the swing phase and 0.9% (95% confidence interval, 0.2 to 1.5) greater increase in time in the stance phase. Factor analysis identified three Walking-while-talking domains and three dual-task cost domains: eGFR Was associated specifically With the rhythm domain for both Walking-while-talking and dual-task cost. Every 10-ml/min per 1.73 m2 lower eGFR Was associated With a poorer performance of 0.2 SD (95% confidence interval, 0.1 to 0.3) for Walking While talking and 0.2 SD (95% confidence interval, 0.03 to 0.3) for dual-task cost. Conclusions During Walking While talking, CKD is associated With gait abnormalities, possibly due to increased cognitive-motor interference.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)665-672
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology
  • Transplantation

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