Usefulness of the TIMI risk score in predicting both short- and long-term outcomes in the Veterans Affairs Non-Q-Wave Myocardial Infarction Strategies In-Hospital (VANQWISH) Trial

Frederick F. Samaha, Stephen E. Kimmel, Jorge R. Kizer, Abhinav Goyal, Michael Wade, William E. Boden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

We sought to test the validity and clinical utility of the Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) risk score for patients who have non-Q-wave myocardial infarction. A post hoc analysis of the Veterans Affairs Non-Q-Wave Infarction Strategies In-Hospital (VANQWISH) Trial was performed, wherein patients were assigned a TIMI risk score from which both 30-day and 12-month outcomes (death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, or urgent revascularization) were assessed. At 30 days, the TIMI risk score showed a close match between observed and predicted probabilities of events after adjustment for overall event rates. The event rate at 30 days was 6% for a score of 0 to 2, 10% for a score of 3, 13% for a score of 4, and 14% for a score of 5 to 7 (p = 0.003 and c statistic 0.59). Discriminative ability of the score was greater in the conservative group at 30 days (p = 0.0004, c statistic 0.67). The score remained modestly predictive of events at 1 year (c statistic 0.60). Conservative strategy patients had better 30-day outcomes than the invasive strategy patients if their score was 0 to 2 (odds ratio 0.24, 95% confidence interval 0.08 to 0.76). No significant difference in outcomes between strategies was detected for a score ≥3. The TIMI risk score provides moderate incremental prognostic information in high-risk patients, during both short- and long-term follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)922-926
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume90
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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