Use of the mouse ear vesicant model to evaluate the effectiveness of ebselen as a countermeasure to the nitrogen mustard mechlorethamine

Anju Lulla, Sandra Reznik, Louis Trombetta, Blase Billack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations


Previous studies in this and other laboratories have demonstrated that ebselen (EB-1), an organoselenium compound, spares cells from mechlorethamine (HN2) toxicity in vitro. In the present study, the hypothesis that EB-1 will reduce dermal toxicity of HN2 in vivo is put forward and found to have merit. Using the mouse ear vesicant model (MEVM), HN2, applied topically, showed a dose-dependent effect upon ear swelling and thickness 24h after treatment; whereas tissue injury consistent with vesication was observed at the higher test doses of HN2 (≥ 0.250μmol per ear). To examine HN2 countermeasure activity using the MEVM, either hydrocortisone (HC), as a positive control, or EB-1, the test countermeasure, was administered as three topical treatments 15min, 4 and 8h after HN2 exposure. Using this approach, both HC and EB-1 were found to reduce tissue swelling associated with HN2 toxicity 24h after exposure to the vesicant. Taken together, these data demonstrate for the first time the effectiveness of EB-1 as a vesicant countermeasure in a relevant in vivo model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1373-1378
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Toxicology
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2014
Externally publishedYes



  • Countermeasure
  • Ebselen
  • Mechlorethamine
  • Mouse ear
  • Nitrogen mustard
  • Organoselenium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology

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