Use of the Draeger Apollo to Deliver Bilevel Positive Pressure Ventilation During Awake Frontal Craniotomy for a Patient with Severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Susie So-Hyun Lee, Mitchell F. Berman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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In this case report, we describe the use of the Draeger Apollo anesthesia machine to deliver bilevel positive airway pressure (BiPAP) to a patient with severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a history of lung resection undergoing frontal craniotomy for the removal of a brain tumor under moderate to deep sedation. BiPAP in the perioperative period has been described for purposes of preoxygenation and postextubation recruitment. Although its utility as a mode of ventilation during moderate to deep sedation has been demonstrated, it has not come into widespread use. We describe the intraoperative use of pressure support mode on the anesthesia machine to deliver noninvasive positive pressure ventilation through a standard anesthesia mask. Given its ease of access and effectiveness, it is our belief that intraoperative BiPAP may reduce hypoxemia and/or hypercarbia in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and obstructive sleep apnea undergoing moderate to deep sedation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-205
Number of pages4
JournalA & A case reports
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2015
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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