Unpacking body image concerns and disordered eating for transgender women: The roles of sexual objectification and minority stress

Melanie E. Brewster, Brandon L. Velez, Aaron S. Breslow, Elizabeth F. Geiger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Synthesizing both objectification theory (Fredrickson & Roberts, 1997) and minority stress theory (Meyer, 2003), the present study used a pantheoretical model of dehumanization (Moradi, 2013) to examine body image concerns and disordered eating symptomatology with 205 transgender women from the United States. Objectification theory constructs (i.e., sexual objectification, internalization of sociocultural standards of attractiveness, body surveillance, body dissatisfaction) and minority stress-related variables (i.e., antitransgender discrimination) were examined as direct and indirect predictors of disordered eating. Results of a latent variable SEM (with a higher-order dehumanization factor comprised of sexual objectification and discrimination) generally provided support for our hypothesized direct and indirect relations. As expected, dehumanization was related directly to internalization and disordered eating and had significant indirect links to body surveillance, body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating via internalization. Potential implications of a pantheoretical model for future research with transgender women are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)131-142
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Counseling Psychology
Volume66
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body image
  • Disordered eating
  • Minority stress
  • Objectification
  • Transgender women

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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