Uncovering the Septal Q Wave and Other Electrocardiographic Changes in Pediatric Patients With Pre-Excitation Before and After Ablation

Leonardo Liberman, Robert H. Pass, Thomas J. Starc, Allan J. Hordof, Eric S. Silver

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In patients with pre-excitation, a short PR interval and a delta wave are not always clearly seen, particularly if the pre-excitation is mild. Absent septal Q waves have been used as additional evidence suggestive of pre-excitation. The purpose of the present study was to determine the incidence of normalization of septal Q waves after successful ablation of a manifest accessory pathway in pediatric patients with normal hearts. We performed a retrospective review of electrocardiograms (ECGs) obtained before and after successful catheter ablation of a single manifest accessory pathway in patients <21 years old (84 pairs of ECGs). The ECGs obtained in patients before ablation for atrioventricular nodal re-entry tachycardia were used as controls (n = 62). The absence of Q waves in the lateral leads (V5 to V7) and inferior leads (II, III, aVF) were determined. p Values <0.05 were considered significant. Before the ablation, 72 ECGs (85%) demonstrated absent Q waves in the lateral leads, and only 17 (20%) did not show evidence of Q waves after successful ablation of the accessory pathway (p <0.001). On the inferior leads, 37 ECGs (44%) showed no evidence of Q waves before ablation compared to 24 (29%) after ablation (p <0.05). The findings on the postablation ECG were not statistically different from the findings on the ECGs of the control patients. In conclusion, Q waves in the lateral and inferior leads are often absent in patients with manifest pre-excitation. Absent septal Q waves in the lateral and inferior leads frequently normalize after successful ablation of an accessory pathway.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-216
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Cardiology
Volume105
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 15 2010

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Electrocardiography
Pediatrics
Catheter Ablation
Tachycardia
Incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Cite this

Uncovering the Septal Q Wave and Other Electrocardiographic Changes in Pediatric Patients With Pre-Excitation Before and After Ablation. / Liberman, Leonardo; Pass, Robert H.; Starc, Thomas J.; Hordof, Allan J.; Silver, Eric S.

In: American Journal of Cardiology, Vol. 105, No. 2, 15.01.2010, p. 214-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Liberman, Leonardo ; Pass, Robert H. ; Starc, Thomas J. ; Hordof, Allan J. ; Silver, Eric S. / Uncovering the Septal Q Wave and Other Electrocardiographic Changes in Pediatric Patients With Pre-Excitation Before and After Ablation. In: American Journal of Cardiology. 2010 ; Vol. 105, No. 2. pp. 214-216.
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