Two polyketide-synthase-associated acyltransferases are required for sulfolipid biosynthesis in Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Kiranmai Bhatt, Sudagar S. Gurcha, Apoorva Bhatt, Gurdyal S. Besra, William R. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The methyl-branched fatty acyl components of sulfolipid-I (SL-I), a major glycolipid of the human pathogen Mycobacterium tuberculosis, are synthesized by the polyketide synthase Pks2. Rv3824c (papA1), located downstream of pks2, encodes a protein that belongs to a subfamily of acyltransferases associated with mycobacterial polyketide synthases [polyketide synthase-associated proteins (PAPs)]. The presence of a conserved acyltransferase motif (HX3DX14Y) suggested a role for PapA1 in acylation of sulfated trehalose to form SL-I. Targeted deletion of the H37Rv papA1 resulted in loss of SL-I, demonstrating its role in mycobacterial sulfolipid biosynthesis. Furthermore, SL-I synthesis was restored in the mutant strain following complementation with papA1, but not with mutant alleles of papA 1 containing alterations of key residues in the acyltransferase motif, confirming that PapA1 was an acyltransferase. While other M. tuberculosis pks clusters are associated with a single PAP-encoding gene, it was demonstrated that another open reading frame, Rv3820c (papA2), located 5.8 kb downstream of papA1 is also an acyltransferase gene involved in SLA biosynthesis: deletion of papA2 abolished SL-1 production. The absence of any partially acylated intermediates in either null mutant indicated that both PapA1 and PapA2 were required for all acylation steps of SLA assembly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)513-520
Number of pages8
JournalMicrobiology
Volume153
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology

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