Tricuspid annuloplasty versus a conservative approach in patients with functional tricuspid regurgitation undergoing left-sided heart valve surgery: A study-level meta-analysis

Matteo Pagnesi, Claudio Montalto, Antonio Mangieri, Eustachio Agricola, Rishi Puri, Mauro Chiarito, Marco B. Ancona, Damiano Regazzoli, Luca Testa, Michele De Bonis, Neil E. Moat, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Antonio Colombo, Azeem Latib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Tricuspid valve (TV) repair at the time of left-sided valve surgery is indicated in patients with either severe functional tricuspid regurgitation (TR) or mild-to-moderate TR with coexistent tricuspid annular dilation or right heart failure. We assessed the benefits of a concomitant TV repair strategy during left-sided surgical valve interventions, focusing on mortality and echocardiographic TR-related outcomes. Methods A meta-analysis was performed of studies reporting outcomes of patients who underwent left-sided (mitral and/or aortic) valve surgery with or without concomitant TV repair. Primary endpoints were all-cause and cardiac-related mortality; secondary endpoints were the presence of more-than-moderate TR, TR progression, and TR severity grade. All endpoints were evaluated at the longest available follow-up. Results Fifteen studies were included for a total of 2840 patients. TV repair at the time of left-sided valve surgery was associated with a significantly lower risk of cardiac-related mortality (odds ratio [OR] 0.38; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.25–0.58; p < 0.001), with a trend towards a lower risk of all-cause mortality (OR 0.57; 95% CI: 0.32–1.05; p = 0.07) at a mean weighted follow-up of 6 years. The presence of more-than-moderate TR (OR 0.19; 95% CI: 0.12–0.30; p < 0.001), TR progression (OR 0.03; 95% CI: 0.01–0.05; p < 0.001), and TR grade (standardized mean difference − 1.11; 95% CI: − 1.57 to − 0.65; p < 0.001) were significantly lower in the TV repair group at a mean weighted follow-up of 4.7 years. Conclusions A concomitant TV repair strategy during left-sided valve surgery is associated with a reduction in cardiac-related mortality and improved echocardiographic TR outcomes at follow-up.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume240
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiac surgery
  • Meta-analysis
  • Tricuspid annuloplasty
  • Tricuspid regurgitation
  • Tricuspid valve repair
  • Valvular heart disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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