Traumatically acquired conditioned dysphagia in children

W. Di Scipio, K. Kaslon, Robert J. Ruben

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new diagnosis identifying a nonorganic basis of dysphagia is proposed in relation to behavioral conditioning processes and thereby labeled 'conditioned dysphagia' (CD) Literature review of both animal and human studies documents that rapidly acquired and persistent avoidance responses are learned when autonomic functions are contiguous with traumatic physical events. Three case studies with primary diagnoses of TE fistula, congenital heart disease and pseudobulbar palsy demonstrated an association between CD and early childhood incidence of trauma involving the esophagus. Successful treatment was achieved by operant deconditioning therapy. Result of a pilot epidemiological study of 28 postpharyngeal flap surgery children and 47 controls showed significantly higher incidence of mild to moderate CD in the surgery group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-514
Number of pages6
JournalAnnals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology
Volume87
Issue number4 I
StatePublished - 1978

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Deglutition Disorders
Pseudobulbar Palsy
Incidence
Esophagus
Fistula
Epidemiologic Studies
Heart Diseases
Wounds and Injuries
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology

Cite this

Traumatically acquired conditioned dysphagia in children. / Di Scipio, W.; Kaslon, K.; Ruben, Robert J.

In: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology, Vol. 87, No. 4 I, 1978, p. 509-514.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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