Transvascular treatment of giant aneurysms of the cavernous carotid and vertebral arteries. Functional investigation and embolization

Alex Berenstein, Joseph Ransohoff, Mark Kupersmith, Eugene Flamm, Douglas Graeb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

114 Scopus citations

Abstract

Functional angiographic investigation and percutaneous embolization using detachable balloons in nine carotid cavernous aneurysms, three petrous aneurysms, one vertebral artery aneurysm, and one posterior inferior cerebellar aneurysm are reported. A double-lumen balloon catheter is used to evaluate acute tolerance to occlusion of the carotid or vertebral arteries. Occlusion is tested under systemic heparinization. Local perfusion of heparinized saline, proximal as well as distal, to the balloon occlusion is used. The procedure was successful in all but one cavernous aneurysm. The arterial lumen was sacrificed in all cases. Clinical improvement occurred in all successful cases. Retroorbital pain was relieved in all. Ocular cranial nerve palsies improved or resolved in most. One delayed ophthalmic episode that improved represents the only complication. No such embolic problems occurred in any case in which the cavernous carotid artery was occluded by balloon trapping. The delayed embolic complications after carotid artery occlusion are related to the collateral vessels to the C-4 and C-5 segments of the artery. Balloon trapping decreases the length of the thrombosed segment and prevents retrograde filling of the aneurysm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-12
Number of pages10
JournalSurgical Neurology
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm
  • Angiography, functional
  • Balloon occlusion
  • Balloon trapping
  • Balloons, detachable
  • Carotid artery ligation
  • Cavernous carotid artery
  • Collateral circulation
  • Embolization, therapeutic
  • Interventional neuroradiology
  • Posterior inferior cerebral aneurysm
  • Strokes
  • Vertebral aneurysm

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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