Aims: To evaluate the effectiveness and feasibility of implementing a linguistically and culturally tailored Diabetes Prevention Program among Chinese immigrants with prediabetes living in New York City. Methods: A total of 60 Chinese immigrants with prediabetes were randomized into either a Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention (n = 30) consisting of 12 bi-weekly core sessions and six monthly post-core sessions or the control intervention (n = 30), consisting of quarterly mailing of diabetes prevention information. Each Diabetes Prevention Program intervention session lasted 1.5-2 h and covered topics such as healthy eating, physical activity, stress reduction and problem-solving skills. Outcomes such as percent change in weight, BMI, and HbA1c concentration were assessed at baseline, 6 and 12 months. A mixed-effects linear regression was applied to test the intervention effect at months 6 and 12. Data were collected in the period 2012-2013 and analysed in 2014. Results: The participant attrition rate was < 5% (2 out of 60) at 12 months. There was a significantly greater percent weight loss in the intervention group (-3.5 vs. -0.1%; P = 0.0001) at 6 months, which was largely maintained at 12 months (-3.3 vs. 0.3%; P = 0.0003). Conclusions: Participants in a Diabetes Prevention Program-based intervention achieved greater weight loss and improvements in HbA1c concentration than control participants. Evaluation of the Chinese Diabetes Prevention Program curriculum in a larger trial is warranted.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism