Transition state analogs of 5′-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase disrupt quorum sensing

Jemy A. Gutierrez, Tamara Crowder, Agnes Rinaldo-Matthis, Meng Chiao Ho, Steven C. Almo, Vern L. Schramm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

118 Scopus citations

Abstract

5′-Methylthioadenosine/S-adenosylhomocysteine nucleosidase (MTAN) is a bacterial enzyme involved in S-adenosylmethionine-related quorum sensing pathways that induce bacterial pathogenesis factors. Transition state analogs MT-DADMe-Immucillin-A, EtT-DADMe-Immucillin-A and BuT-DADMe-Immucillin-A are slow-onset, tight-binding inhibitors of Vibrio cholerae MTAN (VcMTAN), with equilibrium dissociation constants of 73, 70 and 208 pM, respectively. Structural analysis of VcMTAN with BuT-DADMe-Immucillin-A revealed interactions contributing to the high affinity. We found that in V. cholerae cells, these compounds are potent MTAN inhibitors with IC50 values of 27, 31 and 6 nM for MT-, EtT- and BuT-DADMe-Immucillin-A, respectively; the compounds disrupt autoinducer production in a dose-dependent manner without affecting growth. MT- and BuT-DADMe-Immucillin-A also inhibited autoinducer-2 production in enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli O157:H7 with IC50 values of 600 and 125 nM, respectively. BuT-DADMe-Immucillin-A inhibition of autoinducer-2 production in both strains persisted for several generations and caused reduction in biofilm formation. These results support MTAN's role in quorum sensing and its potential as a target for bacterial anti-infective drug design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalNature Chemical Biology
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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