Toxicity and antitumor activity of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) encapsulated in multilamellar vesicles

Roman Perez-Soler, A. R. Khokhar, M. P. Hacker, G. Lopez-Berestein

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Abstract

The potential of multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) as carriers of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (CPDP), a lipophilic cisplatin derivative, was assessed. MLVs composed of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG), and cholesterol at different molar ratios were tested. The MLV-CPDP preparation with the highest antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia in vivo was DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP. The encapsulation efficiency of this preparation was 66 ± 4% (SD); the stability in 0.9% NaCl solution at 4°C was 89% at 14 days and 93% 18 h after incubation in human AB serum at 37°C. The toxicities of DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP and free CPDP (suspended in hydroxypropyl cellulose) administered i.p. were similar (50% lethal dose = 75 versus 91 mg/kg; blood urea nitrogen values 96 h after the administration of the 50% lethal dose = 32.0 versus 34.4 mg/dl). The mean %T/C [(median survival time of treated mice : median survival time of control mice) x 100] obtained after a single i.p. injection of the optimal dose of each preparation tested was 215 (range 200 to 232) for DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP, 175 (range 158 to 209) for DMPG-CPDP, 162 (range 136 to 179) for free CPDP, and 178 (range 169 to 189) for cisplatin. Using a multiple i.p. injection schedule (injections on Days 1, 5, and 9), DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP was more active than free CPDP and cisplatin (%T/C: 403, 284, and 253% respectively). DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP is less toxic and more active against L1210 leukemia in vivo than is cisplatin. The encapsulation of CPDP in MLVs composed of DMPC:DMPG 7:3 provides an adequate vehicle for the administration of this lipophilic compound and enhances its antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6269-6273
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume46
Issue number12 I
StatePublished - 1986
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Phosphatidylcholines
Leukemia L1210
Cisplatin
Lethal Dose 50
bis(cyclopentenecarboxylato)-1,2-diaminocyclohexane-platinum(II)
Injections
Survival
dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol
Poisons
Blood Urea Nitrogen
Appointments and Schedules
Cholesterol
Serum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology

Cite this

Toxicity and antitumor activity of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) encapsulated in multilamellar vesicles. / Perez-Soler, Roman; Khokhar, A. R.; Hacker, M. P.; Lopez-Berestein, G.

In: Cancer Research, Vol. 46, No. 12 I, 1986, p. 6269-6273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "Toxicity and antitumor activity of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) encapsulated in multilamellar vesicles",
abstract = "The potential of multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) as carriers of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (CPDP), a lipophilic cisplatin derivative, was assessed. MLVs composed of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG), and cholesterol at different molar ratios were tested. The MLV-CPDP preparation with the highest antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia in vivo was DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP. The encapsulation efficiency of this preparation was 66 ± 4{\%} (SD); the stability in 0.9{\%} NaCl solution at 4°C was 89{\%} at 14 days and 93{\%} 18 h after incubation in human AB serum at 37°C. The toxicities of DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP and free CPDP (suspended in hydroxypropyl cellulose) administered i.p. were similar (50{\%} lethal dose = 75 versus 91 mg/kg; blood urea nitrogen values 96 h after the administration of the 50{\%} lethal dose = 32.0 versus 34.4 mg/dl). The mean {\%}T/C [(median survival time of treated mice : median survival time of control mice) x 100] obtained after a single i.p. injection of the optimal dose of each preparation tested was 215 (range 200 to 232) for DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP, 175 (range 158 to 209) for DMPG-CPDP, 162 (range 136 to 179) for free CPDP, and 178 (range 169 to 189) for cisplatin. Using a multiple i.p. injection schedule (injections on Days 1, 5, and 9), DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP was more active than free CPDP and cisplatin ({\%}T/C: 403, 284, and 253{\%} respectively). DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP is less toxic and more active against L1210 leukemia in vivo than is cisplatin. The encapsulation of CPDP in MLVs composed of DMPC:DMPG 7:3 provides an adequate vehicle for the administration of this lipophilic compound and enhances its antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia.",
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T1 - Toxicity and antitumor activity of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) encapsulated in multilamellar vesicles

AU - Perez-Soler, Roman

AU - Khokhar, A. R.

AU - Hacker, M. P.

AU - Lopez-Berestein, G.

PY - 1986

Y1 - 1986

N2 - The potential of multilamellar vesicles (MLVs) as carriers of cis-bis-cyclopentenecarboxylato-1,2-diaminocyclohexane platinum(II) (CPDP), a lipophilic cisplatin derivative, was assessed. MLVs composed of dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine (DMPC), dimyristoyl phosphatidylglycerol (DMPG), and cholesterol at different molar ratios were tested. The MLV-CPDP preparation with the highest antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia in vivo was DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP. The encapsulation efficiency of this preparation was 66 ± 4% (SD); the stability in 0.9% NaCl solution at 4°C was 89% at 14 days and 93% 18 h after incubation in human AB serum at 37°C. The toxicities of DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP and free CPDP (suspended in hydroxypropyl cellulose) administered i.p. were similar (50% lethal dose = 75 versus 91 mg/kg; blood urea nitrogen values 96 h after the administration of the 50% lethal dose = 32.0 versus 34.4 mg/dl). The mean %T/C [(median survival time of treated mice : median survival time of control mice) x 100] obtained after a single i.p. injection of the optimal dose of each preparation tested was 215 (range 200 to 232) for DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP, 175 (range 158 to 209) for DMPG-CPDP, 162 (range 136 to 179) for free CPDP, and 178 (range 169 to 189) for cisplatin. Using a multiple i.p. injection schedule (injections on Days 1, 5, and 9), DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP was more active than free CPDP and cisplatin (%T/C: 403, 284, and 253% respectively). DMPC:DMPG 7:3-CPDP is less toxic and more active against L1210 leukemia in vivo than is cisplatin. The encapsulation of CPDP in MLVs composed of DMPC:DMPG 7:3 provides an adequate vehicle for the administration of this lipophilic compound and enhances its antitumor activity against L1210 leukemia.

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