Tobacco Use and Treatment of Tobacco Dependence Among People With Human Immunodeficiency Virus: A Practical Guide for Clinicians

Krishna P. Reddy, Gina R. Kruse, Stephanie Lee, Jonathan Shuter, Nancy A. Rigotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

More than 40% of people with human immunodeficiency virus (PWH) in the United States smoke tobacco cigarettes. Among those on antiretroviral therapy, smoking decreases life expectancy more than human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) itself. Most PWH who smoke want to quit, but tobacco dependence treatment has not been widely integrated into HIV care. This article summarizes the epidemiology of tobacco use among PWH, health consequences of tobacco use and benefits of cessation in PWH, and studies of treatment for tobacco dependence among the general population and among PWH. We provide practical guidance for providers to treat tobacco dependence among PWH. A 3-step Ask-Advise-Connect framework includes asking about tobacco use routinely during clinical encounters, advising about tobacco cessation with emphasis on the benefits of cessation, and actively connecting patients to cessation treatments, including prescription of pharmacotherapy (preferably varenicline) and direct connection to behavioral interventions via telephone quitline or other means to increase the likelihood of a successful quit attempt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)525-533
Number of pages9
JournalClinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Volume75
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2022

Keywords

  • behavioral therapy
  • cessation
  • HIV
  • pharmacotherapy
  • tobacco smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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