Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers

A. J. Gordon, S. A. Maisto, M. McNeil, K. L. Kraemer, R. L. Conigliaro, M. E. Kelley, J. Conigliaro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

173 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the first 3 questions of the AUDIT (AUDIT-C), the third AUDIT question (AUDIT-3), and quantity-frequency questions for identifying hazardous drinkers in a large primary care sample. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. POPULATION: Patients waiting for care at 12 primary care sites in western Pennsylvania from October 1995 to December 1997. OUTCOMES MEASURED: Sensitivity, specificity, likelihood ratios, and predictive values for the AUDIT, AUDIT-C, and AUDIT-3. RESULTS: A total of 13,438 patients were surveyed. Compared with a quantity-frequency definition of hazardous drinking (≥16 drinks/week for men and ≥12 drinks/week for women), the AUDIT, AUDIT-C, and AUDIT-3 had areas under the receiver-operating characteristic curves (AUROC) of 0.940, 0.949, and 0.871, respectively. The AUROCs of the AUDIT and AUDIT-C were significantly different (P=.004). The AUROCs of the AUDIT-C (P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Family Practice
Volume50
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

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Alcohols
Primary Health Care
ROC Curve
Drinking
Patient Care
Cross-Sectional Studies
Sensitivity and Specificity

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Alcoholism
  • Mass screening
  • Questionnaires

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Gordon, A. J., Maisto, S. A., McNeil, M., Kraemer, K. L., Conigliaro, R. L., Kelley, M. E., & Conigliaro, J. (2001). Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers. Journal of Family Practice, 50(4), 313-320.

Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers. / Gordon, A. J.; Maisto, S. A.; McNeil, M.; Kraemer, K. L.; Conigliaro, R. L.; Kelley, M. E.; Conigliaro, J.

In: Journal of Family Practice, Vol. 50, No. 4, 2001, p. 313-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gordon, AJ, Maisto, SA, McNeil, M, Kraemer, KL, Conigliaro, RL, Kelley, ME & Conigliaro, J 2001, 'Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers', Journal of Family Practice, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 313-320.
Gordon AJ, Maisto SA, McNeil M, Kraemer KL, Conigliaro RL, Kelley ME et al. Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers. Journal of Family Practice. 2001;50(4):313-320.
Gordon, A. J. ; Maisto, S. A. ; McNeil, M. ; Kraemer, K. L. ; Conigliaro, R. L. ; Kelley, M. E. ; Conigliaro, J. / Three questions can detect hazardous drinkers. In: Journal of Family Practice. 2001 ; Vol. 50, No. 4. pp. 313-320.
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