Thermodynamics of lectin-carbohydrate interactions. Binding of the core trimannoside of asparagine-linked carbohydrates and deoxy analogs to concanavalin A

Dipti Gupta, Tarun K. Dam, Stefan Oscarson, C. Fred Brewer

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Abstract

The trisaccharide 3,6-di-O-(α-D-mannopyranosyl)-D-mannose, which is present in all asparagine-linked carbohydrates, was previously shown by titration microcalorimetry to bind to the lectin concanavalin A (ConA) with nearly -6 kcal mol-1 greater enthalpy change and 60-fold higher affinity than methyl-α-D-mannopyranoside (Mandal, D. K., Kishore, N., and Brewer, C. F. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 1149-1156). Similar studies of the binding of a series of monodeoxy derivatives of the α(1-3) residue of the trimannoside showed that this arm was required for high affinity binding (Mandal, D. K., Bhattacharyya, L., Koenig, S. H., Brown, R. D., III, Oscarson, S., and Brewer, C. F. (1994) Biochemistry 33, 1157-1162). In the present paper, a series of monodeoxy derivatives of the a(1-6) arm and 'core' Man residue of the trimannoside as well as dideoxy and trideoxy analogs were synthesized. Isothermal titration microcalorimetry experiments establish that the 3-, 4-, and 6-hydroxyl groups of the a(1-6)Man residue of the trimannoside binds to the lectin, along with the 2- and 4-hydroxyl groups of the core Man residue and the 3- and 4-hydroxyl groups of the α(1-3)Man residue. Dideoxy analogs and trideoxy analogs showed losses of affinities and enthalpy values consistent with losses in binding of specific hydroxyl groups of the trimannoside. The free energy and enthalpy contributions to binding of individual hydroxyl groups of the trimannoside determined from the corresponding monodeoxy analogs are observed to be nonlinear, indicating differential contributions of the solvent and protein to the thermodynamics of binding of the analogs. The thermodynamic solution data agree well with the recent x-ray crystal structure of ConA complexed with the trimannoside (Naismith, J. H., and Field, R. A. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271, 972-976).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6388-6392
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume272
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 7 1997

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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