Purpose: We review our experience with the Young-Dees-Leadbetter bladder neck repair among patients with neurogenic incontinence. Materials and Methods: Between 1978 and 1997, 25 girls and 13 boys with a mean age of 10.5 years (range 5 to 25) underwent a standard Young-Dees-Leadbetter bladder neck repair for neurogenic incontinence. Of the 38 patients 26 had undergone prior urological surgery, including bladder neck surgery in 6 and bladder augmentation in 4. A primary Young-Dees-Leadbetter bladder neck repair was performed in 24 patients, a secondary Young-Dees-Leadbetter procedure in 6 and a primary Young-Dees-Leadbetter procedure with periurethral silicone sheath placement in 8. Results: Of the 38 patients 30 (79%) are dry, 7 (18%) are partially dry and 1 remains incontinent. Total or partial dryness was achieved after the initial repair in 26 cases (68%), while 8 required an additional procedure and 3 required more than 2 procedures to achieve continence. All patients who underwent silicone sheath placement were initially dry but incontinence developed subsequently in 5 due to sheath erosion. Of the 38 patients 35 (92%) ultimately required bladder augmentation. Conclusions: The management of neurogenic incontinence remains difficult. Success with the Young-Dees-Leadbetter procedure in our experience nearly always requires augmentation cystoplasty. The majority of patients will achieve continence after the initial procedure, and persistent incontinence can frequently be cured with further bladder neck surgery.
- Urinary incontinence
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