The Trend, Feasibility, and Safety of Salpingectomy as a form of Permanent Sterilization

Annie J. Kim, Andrea Barberio, Pamela Berens, Han Yang Chen, Shavonia Gants, Lisa Swilinski, Uchenna Acholonu, Shao Chun Chang-Jackson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Study Objective: To assess the change in the rate of laparoscopic salpingectomy for sterilization after the release of the November 2013 Society of Gynecologic Oncology Clinical Practice Statement and the January 2015 American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee Opinion: Salpingectomy for Ovarian Cancer Prevention. We hypothesized there would be an increase in salpingectomy as a percentage of total laparoscopic sterilizations performed without an increase in complications when compared with conventional bilateral tubal ligation (BTL). Design: A retrospective cohort study. Setting: Four university-affiliated hospitals in Houston, TX, and New York, NY. Patients: All women 21 years or older who underwent interval laparoscopic permanent sterilization between April 2013 and September 2016. Interventions: Sterilization by bilateral salpingectomy or conventional tubal ligation. Measurements and Main Results: There were 454 sterilization procedures identified; 60% were BTLs, whereas 40% were salpingectomies. The rate of use of salpingectomy significantly increased from 5% to 9% in 2013 to 2014 to 78% by 2016. There was no significant difference in intraoperative or postoperative complications or estimated blood loss. The mean procedure time was 54 minutes for salpingectomy compared with 45 minutes for BTL (p <.0001). Salpingectomy was more likely to require 3 ports compared with 2 ports for BTL (p <.0001). Conclusions: The Society of Gynecologic Oncology and the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists’ support of salpingectomy for ovarian cancer prevention increased its use for sterilization. Based on this study, laparoscopic bilateral salpingectomy is a safe method of sterilization without an increase in perioperative risk compared with conventional tubal ligation. Physicians should incorporate these findings and implications when counseling patients regarding contraception and permanent sterilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1363-1368
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume26
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer prevention
  • Laparoscopy
  • Salpingectomy
  • Sterilization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Kim, A. J., Barberio, A., Berens, P., Chen, H. Y., Gants, S., Swilinski, L., Acholonu, U., & Chang-Jackson, S. C. (2019). The Trend, Feasibility, and Safety of Salpingectomy as a form of Permanent Sterilization. Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, 26(7), 1363-1368. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmig.2019.02.003