The role of the endoplasmic reticulum in antigen processing. N-glycosylation of influenza hemagglutinin abrogates CD4+ cytotoxic T cell recognition of endogenously processed antigen

D. B. Thomas, J. Hodgson, P. F. Riska, C. M. Graham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evidence is presented for an endogenous route of Ag processing for CD4+ T cell recognition of influenza hemagglutinin that requires obligatory traffic of de novo synthesized hemagglutinin across the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum for processing in a cytosolic compartment. I-A(d)-restricted T cell clones that recognize synthetic peptides corresponding to two distinct antigenic regions of the HA1 subunit, HA1 56-76 and HA1 177-199, are cytotoxic and, dependent on epitope specificity can recognize endogenously processed Ag and lyse class II+ target cells infected with a recombinant vaccinia-X31 HA virus. HA1 56-76 specific T cell clones fail to recognize (target cells infected with) influenza X31 viruses, containing a single residue change, HA1 63 Asp→Asn that introduces an oligosaccharide attachment site: Asp63Cys64Thr65. Recognition is restored, however, by tunicamycin treatment of mutant virus infected target cells. Inasmuch as N-glycosylation of nascent hemagglutinin polypeptides occurs in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, this indicates a route of endogenous processing for hemagglutinin, requiring transport across the endoplasmic reticulum, which has been confirmed by the failure of CD4+ T cells to recognize a recombinant VACC-hemagglutinin virus in which the same single residue change, HA1 63 Asp→Asn has been introduced by site directed mutagenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2789-2794
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume144
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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