Evidence is presented for an endogenous route of Ag processing for CD4+ T cell recognition of influenza hemagglutinin that requires obligatory traffic of de novo synthesized hemagglutinin across the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum for processing in a cytosolic compartment. I-A(d)-restricted T cell clones that recognize synthetic peptides corresponding to two distinct antigenic regions of the HA1 subunit, HA1 56-76 and HA1 177-199, are cytotoxic and, dependent on epitope specificity can recognize endogenously processed Ag and lyse class II+ target cells infected with a recombinant vaccinia-X31 HA virus. HA1 56-76 specific T cell clones fail to recognize (target cells infected with) influenza X31 viruses, containing a single residue change, HA1 63 Asp→Asn that introduces an oligosaccharide attachment site: Asp63Cys64Thr65. Recognition is restored, however, by tunicamycin treatment of mutant virus infected target cells. Inasmuch as N-glycosylation of nascent hemagglutinin polypeptides occurs in the lumen of the endoplasmic reticulum, this indicates a route of endogenous processing for hemagglutinin, requiring transport across the endoplasmic reticulum, which has been confirmed by the failure of CD4+ T cells to recognize a recombinant VACC-hemagglutinin virus in which the same single residue change, HA1 63 Asp→Asn has been introduced by site directed mutagenesis.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1990|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy