Objectives: This study sought to examine the role of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) signaling in healing myocardial infarcts. Background: Platelet-derived growth factor isoforms exert potent fibrogenic effects through interactions with PDGF receptor (PDGFR)-α and PDGFR-β. In addition, PDGFR-β signaling mediates coating of developing vessels with mural cells, leading to the formation of a mature vasculature. We hypothesized that PDGFR activation may regulate fibrosis and vascular maturation in healing myocardial infarcts. Methods: Mice undergoing reperfused infarction protocols were injected daily with a neutralizing anti-PDGFR-β antibody (APB5), an anti-PDGFR-α antibody (APA5), or control immunoglobulin G, and were killed after 7 days of reperfusion. Results: The PDGF-B, PDGFR-α, and PDGFR-β mRNA expression was induced in reperfused mouse infarcts. Perivascular cells expressing phosphorylated PDGFR-β were identified in the infarct after 7 days of reperfusion, indicating activation of the PDGF-BB/PDGFR-β pathway. The PDGFR-β blockade resulted in impaired maturation of the infarct vasculature, enhanced capillary density, and formation of dilated uncoated vessels. Defective vascular maturation in antibody-treated mice was associated with increased and prolonged extravasation of red blood cells and monocyte/macrophages, suggesting increased permeability. These defects resulted in decreased collagen content in the healing infarct. In contrast, PDGFR-α inhibition did not affect vascular maturation, but significantly decreased collagen deposition in the infarct. Conclusions: Platelet-derived growth factor signaling critically regulates postinfarction repair. Both PDGFR-β- and PDGFR-α-mediated pathways promote collagen deposition in the infarct. Activation of PDGF-B/PDGFR-β is also involved in recruitment of mural cells by neovessels, regulating maturation of the infarct vasculature. Acquisition of a mural coat and maturation of the vasculature promotes resolution of inflammation and stabilization of the scar.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine