The relationship between uterine leiomyomata and pelvic floor symptoms

Christina E. Dancz, Priyanka Kadam, Carrie Li, Kristen Nagata, Begüm Özel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: To compare pelvic floor symptoms in women with a leiomyomatous uterus ≤12 weeks and those >12 weeks in size and to evaluate the resolution of these symptoms after surgical intervention. Methods: The PFDI-20, PFIQ-7 and 3-day voiding diaries were administered prospectively to all subjects. Demographics and questionnaire responses were compared using a t test, Chi-squared test or Mann-Whitney U test as indicated. Results One hundred and forty-five women completed the questionnaires and were included for analysis. There were 58 women with uterine size ≤12 weeks (group I) and 87 women with size >12 weeks (group II). Participants in group I reported more straining to defecate (p =0.042), while group II reported increased feeling of incomplete bladder emptying (p =0.007) and difficulty emptying their bladder (p =0.008). Review of ultrasound images revealed no difference in pelvic floor symptoms when stratified by leiomyoma location. At 1-year follow-up, 69 women (48%) responded, and 40 (58%) had undergone surgical intervention. Surgery was shown to improve symptoms for all questions reviewed at 1-year follow-up. Conclusions: A leiomyomatous uterus >12 weeks is associated with the symptom of incomplete bladder emptying, but does not appear to have an effect on other pelvic floor symptoms compared with women with a smaller leiomyomatous uterus. Surgical intervention for leiomyomata improves pelvic floor symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)241-248
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fibroids
  • Pelvic floor symptoms
  • Urinary frequency
  • Uterine leiomyomata

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Urology

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