The psychological assessment of depression: unipolars versus bipolars.

Scott Wetzler, A. Khadivi, S. Oppenheim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Psychological test differences between unipolar (UD) and bipolar (BD) depressed inpatients were examined using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, Hathaway and McKinley, 1943; MMPI-2, Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI, Millon, 1983; MCMI-II, Millon 1987), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R, Derogatis, 1983). One hundred fifty-eight UD patients and 26 BD patients took these self-report tests at the beginning of their hospitalization. Results indicate that there were few consistent findings across the three tests (or versions of tests). Contrary to some previous studies, the BD patients did not exhibit a "social desirability" response set, nor did they produce "normal" test profiles. Although the tests were not able to identify depressed patients with past manic episodes, BD patients were more narcissistic, driven, and willing to engage in antisocial practices than were UD patients. These findings are discussed in terms of the clinical similarities between UD and BD patients during a depressive episode as well as the limitations of cross-sectional self-report measures to evaluate historical information regarding course of illness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)557-566
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Personality Assessment
Volume65
Issue number3
StatePublished - Dec 1995

Fingerprint

Depressive Disorder
Psychology
MMPI
Self Report
Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory
Social Desirability
Psychological Tests
Checklist
Inpatients
Hospitalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Social Psychology

Cite this

The psychological assessment of depression : unipolars versus bipolars. / Wetzler, Scott; Khadivi, A.; Oppenheim, S.

In: Journal of Personality Assessment, Vol. 65, No. 3, 12.1995, p. 557-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4874c419e52943f6932cdfdff2bf4484,
title = "The psychological assessment of depression: unipolars versus bipolars.",
abstract = "Psychological test differences between unipolar (UD) and bipolar (BD) depressed inpatients were examined using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, Hathaway and McKinley, 1943; MMPI-2, Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI, Millon, 1983; MCMI-II, Millon 1987), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R, Derogatis, 1983). One hundred fifty-eight UD patients and 26 BD patients took these self-report tests at the beginning of their hospitalization. Results indicate that there were few consistent findings across the three tests (or versions of tests). Contrary to some previous studies, the BD patients did not exhibit a {"}social desirability{"} response set, nor did they produce {"}normal{"} test profiles. Although the tests were not able to identify depressed patients with past manic episodes, BD patients were more narcissistic, driven, and willing to engage in antisocial practices than were UD patients. These findings are discussed in terms of the clinical similarities between UD and BD patients during a depressive episode as well as the limitations of cross-sectional self-report measures to evaluate historical information regarding course of illness.",
author = "Scott Wetzler and A. Khadivi and S. Oppenheim",
year = "1995",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "65",
pages = "557--566",
journal = "Journal of Personality Assessment",
issn = "0022-3891",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The psychological assessment of depression

T2 - unipolars versus bipolars.

AU - Wetzler, Scott

AU - Khadivi, A.

AU - Oppenheim, S.

PY - 1995/12

Y1 - 1995/12

N2 - Psychological test differences between unipolar (UD) and bipolar (BD) depressed inpatients were examined using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, Hathaway and McKinley, 1943; MMPI-2, Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI, Millon, 1983; MCMI-II, Millon 1987), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R, Derogatis, 1983). One hundred fifty-eight UD patients and 26 BD patients took these self-report tests at the beginning of their hospitalization. Results indicate that there were few consistent findings across the three tests (or versions of tests). Contrary to some previous studies, the BD patients did not exhibit a "social desirability" response set, nor did they produce "normal" test profiles. Although the tests were not able to identify depressed patients with past manic episodes, BD patients were more narcissistic, driven, and willing to engage in antisocial practices than were UD patients. These findings are discussed in terms of the clinical similarities between UD and BD patients during a depressive episode as well as the limitations of cross-sectional self-report measures to evaluate historical information regarding course of illness.

AB - Psychological test differences between unipolar (UD) and bipolar (BD) depressed inpatients were examined using the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI, Hathaway and McKinley, 1943; MMPI-2, Butcher, Dahlstrom, Graham, Tellegen, & Kaemmer, 1989), Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory (MCMI, Millon, 1983; MCMI-II, Millon 1987), and Symptom Checklist-90 (SCL-90-R, Derogatis, 1983). One hundred fifty-eight UD patients and 26 BD patients took these self-report tests at the beginning of their hospitalization. Results indicate that there were few consistent findings across the three tests (or versions of tests). Contrary to some previous studies, the BD patients did not exhibit a "social desirability" response set, nor did they produce "normal" test profiles. Although the tests were not able to identify depressed patients with past manic episodes, BD patients were more narcissistic, driven, and willing to engage in antisocial practices than were UD patients. These findings are discussed in terms of the clinical similarities between UD and BD patients during a depressive episode as well as the limitations of cross-sectional self-report measures to evaluate historical information regarding course of illness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0029440052&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0029440052&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 8609588

AN - SCOPUS:0029440052

VL - 65

SP - 557

EP - 566

JO - Journal of Personality Assessment

JF - Journal of Personality Assessment

SN - 0022-3891

IS - 3

ER -