The impact of marijuana policies on youth

Clinical, research, and legal update

Seth Ammerman, Sheryl Ryan, William P. Adelman, Sharon Levy, Seth D. Ammerman, Pamela K. Gonzalez, Sheryl A. Ryan, Lorena M. Siqueira, Vincent C. Smith, Vivian B. Faden, Gregory Tau, James Baumberger, Katie Crumley, Renee Jarrett, Paula K. Braverman, Elizabeth M. Alderman, Cora C. Breuner, David A. Levine, Arik V. Marcell, Rebecca Flynn O'Brien & 5 others Margo Lane, Benjamin Shain, Julie Strickland, Lauren B. Zapata, Karen S. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This technical report updates the 2004 American Academy of Pediatrics technical report on the legalization of marijuana. Current epidemiology of marijuana use is presented, as are definitions and biology of marijuana compounds, side effects of marijuana use, and effects of use on adolescent brain development. Issues concerning medical marijuana specifically are also addressed. Concerning legalization of marijuana, 4 different approaches in the United States are discussed: legalization of marijuana solely for medical purposes, decriminalization of recreational use of marijuana, legalization of recreational use of marijuana, and criminal prosecution of recreational (and medical) use of marijuana. These approaches are compared, and the latest available data are presented to aid in forming public policy. The effects on youth of criminal penalties for marijuana use and possession are also addressed, as are the effects or potential effects of the other 3 policy approaches on adolescent marijuana use. Recommendations are included in the accompanying policy statement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e769-e785
JournalPediatrics
Volume135
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

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Cannabis
Medical Marijuana
Research
Adolescent Development
Public Policy
Epidemiology
Pediatrics
Brain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Ammerman, S., Ryan, S., Adelman, W. P., Levy, S., Ammerman, S. D., Gonzalez, P. K., ... Smith, K. S. (2015). The impact of marijuana policies on youth: Clinical, research, and legal update. Pediatrics, 135(3), e769-e785. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-4147

The impact of marijuana policies on youth : Clinical, research, and legal update. / Ammerman, Seth; Ryan, Sheryl; Adelman, William P.; Levy, Sharon; Ammerman, Seth D.; Gonzalez, Pamela K.; Ryan, Sheryl A.; Siqueira, Lorena M.; Smith, Vincent C.; Faden, Vivian B.; Tau, Gregory; Baumberger, James; Crumley, Katie; Jarrett, Renee; Braverman, Paula K.; Alderman, Elizabeth M.; Breuner, Cora C.; Levine, David A.; Marcell, Arik V.; O'Brien, Rebecca Flynn; Lane, Margo; Shain, Benjamin; Strickland, Julie; Zapata, Lauren B.; Smith, Karen S.

In: Pediatrics, Vol. 135, No. 3, 01.03.2015, p. e769-e785.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ammerman, S, Ryan, S, Adelman, WP, Levy, S, Ammerman, SD, Gonzalez, PK, Ryan, SA, Siqueira, LM, Smith, VC, Faden, VB, Tau, G, Baumberger, J, Crumley, K, Jarrett, R, Braverman, PK, Alderman, EM, Breuner, CC, Levine, DA, Marcell, AV, O'Brien, RF, Lane, M, Shain, B, Strickland, J, Zapata, LB & Smith, KS 2015, 'The impact of marijuana policies on youth: Clinical, research, and legal update', Pediatrics, vol. 135, no. 3, pp. e769-e785. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-4147
Ammerman S, Ryan S, Adelman WP, Levy S, Ammerman SD, Gonzalez PK et al. The impact of marijuana policies on youth: Clinical, research, and legal update. Pediatrics. 2015 Mar 1;135(3):e769-e785. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2014-4147
Ammerman, Seth ; Ryan, Sheryl ; Adelman, William P. ; Levy, Sharon ; Ammerman, Seth D. ; Gonzalez, Pamela K. ; Ryan, Sheryl A. ; Siqueira, Lorena M. ; Smith, Vincent C. ; Faden, Vivian B. ; Tau, Gregory ; Baumberger, James ; Crumley, Katie ; Jarrett, Renee ; Braverman, Paula K. ; Alderman, Elizabeth M. ; Breuner, Cora C. ; Levine, David A. ; Marcell, Arik V. ; O'Brien, Rebecca Flynn ; Lane, Margo ; Shain, Benjamin ; Strickland, Julie ; Zapata, Lauren B. ; Smith, Karen S. / The impact of marijuana policies on youth : Clinical, research, and legal update. In: Pediatrics. 2015 ; Vol. 135, No. 3. pp. e769-e785.
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