The future of newborn screening for lysosomal disorders

Melissa P. Wasserstein, Joseph J. Orsini, Aaron Goldenberg, Michele Caggana, Paul A. Levy, Margo Breilyn, Michael H. Gelb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The goal of newborn screening is to enhance the outcome of individuals with serious, treatable disorders through early, pre-symptomatic detection. The lysosomal storage disorders (LSDs) comprise a group of more than 50 diseases with a combined frequency of approximately 1:7000. With the availability of existing and new enzyme replacement therapies, small molecule treatments and gene therapies, there is increasing interest in screening newborns for LSDs with the goal of reducing disease-related morbidity and mortality through early detection. Novel screening methods are being developed, including efforts to enhance accuracy of screening using an array of multi-tiered, genomic, statistical, and bioinformatic approaches. While NBS data for Gaucher disease, Fabry disease, Krabbe disease, MPS I, and Pompe disease has demonstrated the feasibility of widespread screening, it has also highlighted some of the complexities of screening for LSDs. These include the identification of infants with later-onset, untreatable, and uncertain phenotypes, raising interesting ethical concerns that should be addressed as part of the NBS implementation process. Taken together, these efforts will provide critical, detailed data to help guide objective, ethically sensitive decision-making about NBS for LSDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number136080
JournalNeuroscience Letters
Volume760
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 24 2021

Keywords

  • Lysosomal storage disorders
  • Newborn screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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