Capsid envelopment during assembly of the neurotropic herpesviruses herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1) and pseudorabies virus (PRV) in the infected cell cytoplasm is thought to involve the late-acting cellular ESCRT (endosomal sorting complex required for transport) components ESCRT-III and VPS4 (vacuolar protein sorting 4). However, HSV-1, unlike members of many other families of enveloped viruses, does not appear to require the ESCRT-I subunit TSG101 or the Bro1 domain-containing protein ALIX (Alg-2-interacting protein X) to recruit and activate ESCRT-III. Alternative cellular factors that are known to be capable of regulating ESCRT-III function include the ESCRT-II complex and other members of the Bro1 family. We therefore used small interfering RNA (siRNA) to knock down the essential ESCRT-II subunit EAP20/VPS25 (ELL-associated protein 20/vacuolar protein sorting 25) and the Bro1 proteins HD-PTP (His domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase) and BROX (Bro1 domain and CAAX motif containing). We demonstrated reductions in levels of the targeted proteins by Western blotting and used quantitative microscopic assays to confirm loss of ESCRT-II and HD-PTP function. We found that in single-step replication experiments, the final yields of HSV-1 were unchanged following loss of EAP20, HD-PTP, or BROX. IMPORTANCE HSV-1 is a pathogen of the human nervous system that uses its own virus-encoded proteins and the normal cellular ESCRT machinery to drive the construction of its envelope. How HSV-1 structural proteins interact with ESCRT components and which subsets of cellular ESCRT proteins are utilized by the virus remain largely unknown. Here, we demonstrate that an essential component of the ESCRT-II complex and two ESCRT-associated Bro1 proteins are dispensable for HSV-1 replication.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of virology|
|State||Published - Feb 1 2020|
- Herpes simplex virus
- Virus assembly
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Insect Science