The effects of prostatic manipulation on prostate-specific antigen levels

L. T. Klein, F. C. Lowe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

Serum PSA determinations are an important part of the urologic evaluation for prostate cancer. DRE, TRUS, cystoscopy, and ejaculation have minimal effects on serum PSA levels. Prostatic massage, needle biopsy, TURP, and prostatitis can cause significant elevations of serum PSA (Table 1). These factors should be kept in mind for interpretation of PSA values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)293-297
Number of pages5
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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