The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

Priscilla M. Vásquez, Wassim Tarraf, Adit Doza, Maria J. Marquine, Krista M. Perreira, Neil Schneiderman, Donglin Zeng, Jianwen Cai, Carmen R. Isasi, Martha L. Daviglus, Hector M. González

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Introduction: Higher cognitive stimulation (CS) is associated with improved cognition. Sources of CS among Hispanics/Latinos are understudied. Methods: In the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 2008 to 2011 (n = 9438), we used finite mixture models to generate latent CS profiles, and multivariate linear regressions to examine associations with cognition in Hispanic/Latino adults (45–74 years). CS included education, occupation, social network, and acculturation. Cognitive measures included the Six-Item Screener, Brief-Spanish English Verbal Learning Test Sum and Recall, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Global Cognition. Results: Two CS profiles emerged, and were labeled “typical” and “enhanced.” The enhanced CS profile (22%) had more family connections, bicultural engagements, skilled/professional occupations, education, and higher cognitive scores. Discussion: An enhanced CS profile emerged from contextual and culturally relevant factors, and was associated with higher cognitive scores across all measures. This provides initial evidence on how factors coalesce to shape cognitive protection in Hispanics/Latinos.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)533-541
Number of pages9
JournalAlzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions
Volume5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

Fingerprint

Hispanic Americans
Cognition
Health
Occupations
Word Association Tests
Verbal Learning
Acculturation
Professional Education
Social Support
Linear Models
Education

Keywords

  • Biculturalism
  • Cognition
  • Cognitive stimulation
  • Epidemiology
  • Hispanic
  • Latino
  • Social network

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). / Vásquez, Priscilla M.; Tarraf, Wassim; Doza, Adit; Marquine, Maria J.; Perreira, Krista M.; Schneiderman, Neil; Zeng, Donglin; Cai, Jianwen; Isasi, Carmen R.; Daviglus, Martha L.; González, Hector M.

In: Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions, Vol. 5, 2019, p. 533-541.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Vásquez, Priscilla M. ; Tarraf, Wassim ; Doza, Adit ; Marquine, Maria J. ; Perreira, Krista M. ; Schneiderman, Neil ; Zeng, Donglin ; Cai, Jianwen ; Isasi, Carmen R. ; Daviglus, Martha L. ; González, Hector M. / The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). In: Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions. 2019 ; Vol. 5. pp. 533-541.
@article{5511740fe7cf46d399e63bbf4b2d4abd,
title = "The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)",
abstract = "Introduction: Higher cognitive stimulation (CS) is associated with improved cognition. Sources of CS among Hispanics/Latinos are understudied. Methods: In the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 2008 to 2011 (n = 9438), we used finite mixture models to generate latent CS profiles, and multivariate linear regressions to examine associations with cognition in Hispanic/Latino adults (45–74 years). CS included education, occupation, social network, and acculturation. Cognitive measures included the Six-Item Screener, Brief-Spanish English Verbal Learning Test Sum and Recall, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Global Cognition. Results: Two CS profiles emerged, and were labeled “typical” and “enhanced.” The enhanced CS profile (22{\%}) had more family connections, bicultural engagements, skilled/professional occupations, education, and higher cognitive scores. Discussion: An enhanced CS profile emerged from contextual and culturally relevant factors, and was associated with higher cognitive scores across all measures. This provides initial evidence on how factors coalesce to shape cognitive protection in Hispanics/Latinos.",
keywords = "Biculturalism, Cognition, Cognitive stimulation, Epidemiology, Hispanic, Latino, Social network",
author = "V{\'a}squez, {Priscilla M.} and Wassim Tarraf and Adit Doza and Marquine, {Maria J.} and Perreira, {Krista M.} and Neil Schneiderman and Donglin Zeng and Jianwen Cai and Isasi, {Carmen R.} and Daviglus, {Martha L.} and Gonz{\'a}lez, {Hector M.}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1016/j.trci.2019.07.006",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "533--541",
journal = "Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions",
issn = "2352-8737",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The cross-sectional association of cognitive stimulation factors and cognitive function among Latino adults in Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL)

AU - Vásquez, Priscilla M.

AU - Tarraf, Wassim

AU - Doza, Adit

AU - Marquine, Maria J.

AU - Perreira, Krista M.

AU - Schneiderman, Neil

AU - Zeng, Donglin

AU - Cai, Jianwen

AU - Isasi, Carmen R.

AU - Daviglus, Martha L.

AU - González, Hector M.

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Introduction: Higher cognitive stimulation (CS) is associated with improved cognition. Sources of CS among Hispanics/Latinos are understudied. Methods: In the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 2008 to 2011 (n = 9438), we used finite mixture models to generate latent CS profiles, and multivariate linear regressions to examine associations with cognition in Hispanic/Latino adults (45–74 years). CS included education, occupation, social network, and acculturation. Cognitive measures included the Six-Item Screener, Brief-Spanish English Verbal Learning Test Sum and Recall, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Global Cognition. Results: Two CS profiles emerged, and were labeled “typical” and “enhanced.” The enhanced CS profile (22%) had more family connections, bicultural engagements, skilled/professional occupations, education, and higher cognitive scores. Discussion: An enhanced CS profile emerged from contextual and culturally relevant factors, and was associated with higher cognitive scores across all measures. This provides initial evidence on how factors coalesce to shape cognitive protection in Hispanics/Latinos.

AB - Introduction: Higher cognitive stimulation (CS) is associated with improved cognition. Sources of CS among Hispanics/Latinos are understudied. Methods: In the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos 2008 to 2011 (n = 9438), we used finite mixture models to generate latent CS profiles, and multivariate linear regressions to examine associations with cognition in Hispanic/Latino adults (45–74 years). CS included education, occupation, social network, and acculturation. Cognitive measures included the Six-Item Screener, Brief-Spanish English Verbal Learning Test Sum and Recall, Controlled Oral Word Association Test, Digit Symbol Substitution, and Global Cognition. Results: Two CS profiles emerged, and were labeled “typical” and “enhanced.” The enhanced CS profile (22%) had more family connections, bicultural engagements, skilled/professional occupations, education, and higher cognitive scores. Discussion: An enhanced CS profile emerged from contextual and culturally relevant factors, and was associated with higher cognitive scores across all measures. This provides initial evidence on how factors coalesce to shape cognitive protection in Hispanics/Latinos.

KW - Biculturalism

KW - Cognition

KW - Cognitive stimulation

KW - Epidemiology

KW - Hispanic

KW - Latino

KW - Social network

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85072835807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85072835807&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.trci.2019.07.006

DO - 10.1016/j.trci.2019.07.006

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85072835807

VL - 5

SP - 533

EP - 541

JO - Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions

JF - Alzheimer's and Dementia: Translational Research and Clinical Interventions

SN - 2352-8737

ER -