Motile extracts from D, discoideum and A. proteus have been characterized in order to compare the structural dynamics and chemical regulation of movement in 2 different types of amoeboid cells. The structural dynamics of both extracts involve the formation of a nonmotile cytoskeleton followed by the contraction of actin and myosin to generate both direct contractile force and cytoplasmic streaming. The contractions are regulated by calcium ions and a threshold of ca. 1.0 X 10(-6) M calcium induces a transformation of actin to the free F-actin state which is capable of interacting with myosin. Furthermore, 3 low molecular weight proteins are concentrated along with actin and myosin during contraction and might play a regulatory role in movement. Several common characteristics of amoeba cytoplasm have been exhibited by these two types of amoeboid cells. The major contractile and "associated" proteins are similar, actin and associated proteins are structurally dynamic, and movement is regulated by calcium. The different modes of movement observed in different types of amoeboid cells could result from the site, rate, and extent of actin transformation followed in some regions by contractions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||23|
|Journal||Progress in clinical and biological research|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 1 1977|
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