The associations of CD4 count, CD4/CD8 ratio, and HIV viral load with survival from non-small cell lung cancer in persons living with HIV

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Abstract

HIV status may influence survival from non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Among NSCLC patients in the Bronx, NY, we assessed (1) associations of CD4 count, CD4/CD8 ratio and HIV viral load (VL) with survival and (2) prognostic factors among persons living with HIV (PLWH). We compared survival from NSCLC diagnosis (2004–2017) between HIV-negative persons (HIV-, n=2,881) and PLWH (n=88) accounting for clinical and sociodemographic factors. HIV-survival was also compared with PLWH, dichotomized by CD4 (<200 vs. ≥200cells/µL), CD4/CD8 (median, <0.43 vs. ≥0.43) and VL (<75 vs. ≥75copies/mL) at NSCLC diagnosis. Among PLWH, we assessed the relationships of CD4, CD4/CD8, and VL with survival, adjusting for age, sex, and cancer stage. PLWH with CD4< 200cells/µL had lower survival than HIV- [hazard ratio, 95% confidence interval [HR(95%CI)]=1.86(0.98–3.55)]. Survival was similar between PLWH with CD4≥ 200cells/µL and HIV- [HR(95%CI) = 0.90(0.61–1.33)]. Results were similar when categorizing PLWH by CD4/CD8 [vs. HIV-: low CD4/CD8: HR(95%CI) = 1.74(1.07–3.89); high CD4/CD8: HR(95%CI) = 0.63(0.37–1.07)] and VL [vs. HIV-: <75copies/mL: HR(95%CI) = 0.74(0.46–1.21), ≥75copies/mL: HR(95%CI) = 1.41(0.88–2.27)]. Among PLWH, CD4< 200cells/µL was associated with worse survival [vs. CD4≥ 200cells/µL: HR(95%CI) = 2.37(1.14–4.92)]. CD4, CD4/CD8, and VL may be prognostic markers for PLWH with NSCLC, suggesting immune status may be important in NSCLC survival among PLWH.

Keywords

  • AIDS
  • CD4 count
  • Lung cancer
  • mortality
  • viral load

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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