The Application of Molecular Diagnostics to Stained Cytology Smears

Maja H. Oktay, Esther Adler, Laleh Hakima, Eli Grunblatt, Evan Pieri, Andrew Seymour, Samer Khader, Antonio Cajigas, Mark Suhrland, Sumanta Goswami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Detection of mutational alterations is important for guiding treatment decisions of lung non-small-cell carcinomas and thyroid nodules with atypical cytologic findings. Inoperable lung tumors requiring further testing for staging and thyroid lesions often are diagnosed using only cytology material. Molecular diagnostic tests of these samples typically are performed on cell blocks; however, insufficient cellularity of cell blocks is a limitation for test performance. In addition, some of the fixatives used while preparing cell blocks often introduces artifacts for mutation detection. Here, we applied qClamp xenonucleic technology and quantitative RT-PCR to cells microdissected directly from stained cytology smears to detect common alterations including mutations and translocations in non-small-cell carcinomas and thyroid lesions. By using this approach, we achieved a 1% molecular alteration detection rate from as few as 50 cells. Ultrasensitive methods of molecular alteration detection similar to the one described here will be increasingly important for the evaluation of molecular alterations in clinical scenarios when only tissue samples that are small are available.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Molecular Diagnostics
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Molecular Medicine


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