The adenovirus E3 14.7-kilodalton protein which inhibits cytolysis by tumor necrosis factor increases the virulence of vaccinia virus in a murine pneumonia model

Joann Tufariello, Sangho Cho, Marshall S. Horwitz

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Abstract

The 14.7-kilodalton protein (14.7K protein) encoded by the adenovirus (Ad) E3 region inhibits tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α)-mediated lysis of cells in tissue culture experiments, but the relevance of this effect in vivo is incompletely understood. To examine the effect of the ability of the Ad 14.7K protein to block TNF lysis upon viral pathogenesis in a murine model, we cloned the 14.7K protein-encoding gene into vaccinia virus (VV), permitting its study in isolation from other Ad E3 immunomodulatory proteins. The gene for murine TNF-α was inserted into the same VV containing the 14.7K gene to ensure that each cell infected with the VV recombinant would express both the agonist (TNF) and its antagonist (14.7K). VV was utilized as the vector because it accommodates large and multiple inserts of foreign DNA with faithful, high-level expression of the protein products. In addition, infection of mice with VV induces disease with quantifiable morbidity, mortality and virus replication. The results of intranasal infections of BALB/c mice with these VV recombinants indicate that the Ad 14.7K protein increases the virulence of VV carrying the TNF-α gene by reversing the attenuating effect of TNF-α on VV pathogenicity. This was demonstrated by increased mortality, pulmonary pathology, and viral titers in lung tissue following infection with VV coexpressing the 14.7K protein and TNF-α, compared with the control virus expressing TNF-α alone. These results suggest that the 14.7K protein, which is nonessential for Ad replication in tissue culture, is an immunoregulatory protein which functions in vivo to help counteract the antiviral effects of TNF-α.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)453-462
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume68
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994

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cytolysis
Vaccinia virus
tumor necrosis factors
Adenoviridae
pneumonia
Virulence
Pneumonia
virulence
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
tumor necrosis factor-alpha
mice
Adenovirus E3 Proteins
Proteins
proteins
tissue culture
genes
Infection
lungs
infection
Genes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

The adenovirus E3 14.7-kilodalton protein which inhibits cytolysis by tumor necrosis factor increases the virulence of vaccinia virus in a murine pneumonia model. / Tufariello, Joann; Cho, Sangho; Horwitz, Marshall S.

In: Journal of Virology, Vol. 68, No. 1, 01.1994, p. 453-462.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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