The Abdominal Transplant Surgery Workforce: Current state and future trends

Fady M. Kaldas, Juan P. Rocca, Chandra S. Bhati, Ning Duan, Amy R. Evenson, Henkie P. Tan, Robert R. Redfield, Diego M. di Sabato, Atsushi Yoshida, Peter L. Abt, Sunil K. Geevarghese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Transplant surgical workforce concerns have arisen in the last 5 years as reflected in challenges securing job opportunities for new fellows. The present survey was designed by the ASTS Membership and Workforce Committee to describe the current practice characteristics of transplant centers in order to estimate changes in the workforce. The survey questionnaire requested information about the transplant programs, the transplant surgeons involved in the program, and the estimated changes in the staffing of the program over the next 3 years. Seventy-one transplant centers responded from a total of 235 identified and queried (30.2% response rate), with median responding centers per UNOS region of 7 (IQR 4.5-8.5). The recruitment outlook for the next 3 years forecasts a positive inflow of surgeons at a 2:1 rate (incoming:leaving). The new female transplant workforce within the responding cohort has increased from 3.7% in 1980 to 18.4% in 2010. Currently, 13.1% of practicing US transplant surgeons in this survey are female which is higher than many other surgical specialties. This report represents the most up-to-date view into the abdominal transplant surgical workforce. The positive job recruitment outlook for transplant surgeons and the narrowing gender gap are new findings from this study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13659
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019


  • education
  • employment
  • physician education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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