Purpose: To determine the recommended phase II dose (RPTD) of the farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitor tipifarnib when combined with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide (AC) in patients with advanced breast cancer, the pathologic complete response (pCR) rate after preoperative treatment with four cycles of the combination in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC), and the effect of tipifarnib on primary tumor FTase enzyme activity in vivo. Patients and Methods: Thirty-two patients with metastatic breast cancer (n = 11) or LABC (n = 21) received AC (doxorubicin 60 mg/m2 and cyclophosphamide 600 mg/m2) administered intravenously on day 1 plus tipifarnib (100, 200, or 300 mg bid for 6 to 14 days) without (n = 2) or with (n = 30) granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) for up to four cycles. Patients with LABC underwent surgery after up to four cycles of the combination. Results: When combined with AC every 2 weeks plus G-CSF, the RPTD of tipifarnib was 200 mg bid administered on days 2 to 7. Seven (33%) of 21 patients (95% CI, 15% to 55%) with LABC treated with up to four cycles of the combination at the RPTD had a pCR in the breast at surgery. The five patients had serial biopsies that demonstrated at least 50% FTase enzyme inhibition in the primary tumor (median, 100%; range, 55% to 100%) after tipifarnib. Conclusion: Tipifarnib may be safely combined with dose-dense AC using a dose and schedule that significantly inhibits FTase enzyme activity in human breast cancer in vivo and may enhance the pCR rate after four cycles of preoperative dose-dense AC.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research