Systematic Analysis of Monoclonal Antibodies against Ebola Virus GP Defines Features that Contribute to Protection

the Viral Hemorrhagic Fever Immunotherapeutic Consortium

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Antibodies are promising post-exposure therapies against emerging viruses, but which antibody features and in vitro assays best forecast protection are unclear. Our international consortium systematically evaluated antibodies against Ebola virus (EBOV) using multidisciplinary assays. For each antibody, we evaluated epitopes recognized on the viral surface glycoprotein (GP) and secreted glycoprotein (sGP), readouts of multiple neutralization assays, fraction of virions left un-neutralized, glycan structures, phagocytic and natural killer cell functions elicited, and in vivo protection in a mouse challenge model. Neutralization and induction of multiple immune effector functions (IEFs) correlated most strongly with protection. Neutralization predominantly occurred via epitopes maintained on endosomally cleaved GP, whereas maximal IEF mapped to epitopes farthest from the viral membrane. Unexpectedly, sGP cross-reactivity did not significantly influence in vivo protection. This comprehensive dataset provides a rubric to evaluate novel antibodies and vaccine responses and a roadmap for therapeutic development for EBOV and related viruses. The systematic assessment of the effector functions and binding sites of antibodies against Ebola virus provides a generalizable framework to evaluate the determinants of antibody-mediated protection in viral disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)938-952.e13
JournalCell
Volume174
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 9 2018

Keywords

  • antibody
  • consortium
  • ebola virus
  • epitope
  • glycoprotein
  • neutralization
  • protection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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