Symptoms of vascular headache triggered by intracranial hypertension

S. Solomon, H. Wisoff, Michael J. Thorpy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 23-year-old male presented with features of vascular headache (unilateral throbbing pain of brief duration and ocular site). Ipsilateral tingling and hypalgesia were noted over part of the face during the headache. Papilledema was prominent. Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) and hydrocephalus were caused by aqueductal stenosis as noted in the computerized tomograms. Asymmetrical herniation of a cerebellar tonsil was noted in the angiograms. The patient's symptoms were relieved by a ventriculo-peritoneal shunt. Although intraventricular pressure was not monitored, the brief duration of the headache and its associated symptoms are best explained by the effect of plateau waves of extreme intracranial hypertension. Asymmetrical tonsillar herniation causing traction of nociceptive vascular structures of the tentorium cerebelli and on cervical nerve roots can account for the focal nature of the headache and associated symptoms. The clinical features and theories of mechanisms of plateau waves are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)307-312
Number of pages6
JournalHeadache
Volume23
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1983

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Vascular Headaches
Intracranial Hypertension
Encephalocele
Headache
Hydrocephalus
Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt
Papilledema
Palatine Tonsil
Intracranial Pressure
Traction
Ventricular Pressure
Blood Vessels
Spinal Cord
Angiography
Pain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Symptoms of vascular headache triggered by intracranial hypertension. / Solomon, S.; Wisoff, H.; Thorpy, Michael J.

In: Headache, Vol. 23, No. 6, 1983, p. 307-312.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Solomon, S, Wisoff, H & Thorpy, MJ 1983, 'Symptoms of vascular headache triggered by intracranial hypertension', Headache, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 307-312.
Solomon, S. ; Wisoff, H. ; Thorpy, Michael J. / Symptoms of vascular headache triggered by intracranial hypertension. In: Headache. 1983 ; Vol. 23, No. 6. pp. 307-312.
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