Subjective and objective measures of socioeconomic status: Predictors of cardiovascular risk in college students in Mumbai, India

Sonia Suchday, Rosy Chhabra, Judith Wylie-Rosett, Maureen Almeida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health changes as a society develops. In developed countries, high SES is associated with better health, but in developing countries, high SES is associated with poorer health. However, measuring SES is difficult in countries like India, where the traditional class and caste system are interwoven and complex. The current study explored the relationship between subjective and objective indices of SES and between SES and the metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians residing in Mumbai, India. Participants were a subset of young adults (N=112, median age 19 years, 24% male) who were part of larger study assessing psychosocial correlates of the metabolic syndrome. SES was assessed through objective (father's education) and subjective (SES ladder) indices. Data indicated that high subjective SES was correlated with fasting blood sugar (r=.28, P<.003), and father's education was correlated with high cholesterol (r=.32, P<.005). Subjective and objective indices of SES were also correlated with each other (r=.24, P<.04). These data reiterate that the link between SES and health is obvious from an early age, regardless of the measures used to assess SES. Given the complexity of assessing SES in developing countries, objective subjective indices should be used in assessing SES.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEthnicity and Disease
Volume18
Issue number2 SUPPL. 2
StatePublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint

Social Class
India
Students
Health
Fathers
Developing Countries
Education
Developed Countries
Blood Glucose
Young Adult
Fasting
Cholesterol

Keywords

  • Caste
  • Class
  • India
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Socioeconomic status (SES)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Subjective and objective measures of socioeconomic status : Predictors of cardiovascular risk in college students in Mumbai, India. / Suchday, Sonia; Chhabra, Rosy; Wylie-Rosett, Judith; Almeida, Maureen.

In: Ethnicity and Disease, Vol. 18, No. 2 SUPPL. 2, 03.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{582ac5707f3547838e88c6ca00d1ca6c,
title = "Subjective and objective measures of socioeconomic status: Predictors of cardiovascular risk in college students in Mumbai, India",
abstract = "The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health changes as a society develops. In developed countries, high SES is associated with better health, but in developing countries, high SES is associated with poorer health. However, measuring SES is difficult in countries like India, where the traditional class and caste system are interwoven and complex. The current study explored the relationship between subjective and objective indices of SES and between SES and the metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians residing in Mumbai, India. Participants were a subset of young adults (N=112, median age 19 years, 24{\%} male) who were part of larger study assessing psychosocial correlates of the metabolic syndrome. SES was assessed through objective (father's education) and subjective (SES ladder) indices. Data indicated that high subjective SES was correlated with fasting blood sugar (r=.28, P<.003), and father's education was correlated with high cholesterol (r=.32, P<.005). Subjective and objective indices of SES were also correlated with each other (r=.24, P<.04). These data reiterate that the link between SES and health is obvious from an early age, regardless of the measures used to assess SES. Given the complexity of assessing SES in developing countries, objective subjective indices should be used in assessing SES.",
keywords = "Caste, Class, India, Metabolic syndrome, Socioeconomic status (SES)",
author = "Sonia Suchday and Rosy Chhabra and Judith Wylie-Rosett and Maureen Almeida",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "18",
journal = "Ethnicity and Disease",
issn = "1049-510X",
publisher = "ISHIB",
number = "2 SUPPL. 2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Subjective and objective measures of socioeconomic status

T2 - Predictors of cardiovascular risk in college students in Mumbai, India

AU - Suchday, Sonia

AU - Chhabra, Rosy

AU - Wylie-Rosett, Judith

AU - Almeida, Maureen

PY - 2008/3

Y1 - 2008/3

N2 - The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health changes as a society develops. In developed countries, high SES is associated with better health, but in developing countries, high SES is associated with poorer health. However, measuring SES is difficult in countries like India, where the traditional class and caste system are interwoven and complex. The current study explored the relationship between subjective and objective indices of SES and between SES and the metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians residing in Mumbai, India. Participants were a subset of young adults (N=112, median age 19 years, 24% male) who were part of larger study assessing psychosocial correlates of the metabolic syndrome. SES was assessed through objective (father's education) and subjective (SES ladder) indices. Data indicated that high subjective SES was correlated with fasting blood sugar (r=.28, P<.003), and father's education was correlated with high cholesterol (r=.32, P<.005). Subjective and objective indices of SES were also correlated with each other (r=.24, P<.04). These data reiterate that the link between SES and health is obvious from an early age, regardless of the measures used to assess SES. Given the complexity of assessing SES in developing countries, objective subjective indices should be used in assessing SES.

AB - The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and health changes as a society develops. In developed countries, high SES is associated with better health, but in developing countries, high SES is associated with poorer health. However, measuring SES is difficult in countries like India, where the traditional class and caste system are interwoven and complex. The current study explored the relationship between subjective and objective indices of SES and between SES and the metabolic syndrome among Asian Indians residing in Mumbai, India. Participants were a subset of young adults (N=112, median age 19 years, 24% male) who were part of larger study assessing psychosocial correlates of the metabolic syndrome. SES was assessed through objective (father's education) and subjective (SES ladder) indices. Data indicated that high subjective SES was correlated with fasting blood sugar (r=.28, P<.003), and father's education was correlated with high cholesterol (r=.32, P<.005). Subjective and objective indices of SES were also correlated with each other (r=.24, P<.04). These data reiterate that the link between SES and health is obvious from an early age, regardless of the measures used to assess SES. Given the complexity of assessing SES in developing countries, objective subjective indices should be used in assessing SES.

KW - Caste

KW - Class

KW - India

KW - Metabolic syndrome

KW - Socioeconomic status (SES)

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=52149112960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=52149112960&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 18646356

AN - SCOPUS:52149112960

VL - 18

JO - Ethnicity and Disease

JF - Ethnicity and Disease

SN - 1049-510X

IS - 2 SUPPL. 2

ER -