SubCutaneous OnLay endoscopic Approach (SCOLA) mesh repair for small midline ventral hernias with diastasis recti: An initial US experience

Caroline T. Dong, Prashanth Sreeramoju, David M. Pechman, David Weithorn, Diego Camacho, Flavio Malcher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Patients presenting for evaluation of umbilical and epigastric hernias are often found to have diastasis recti (DR). As isolated hernia repair in these patients may be associated with higher rates of recurrence, prior international publications have described a prefascial mesh repair in combination with anterior plication of DR. We present our initial United States (US) experience with a SubCutaneous OnLay endoscopic Approach (SCOLA) to address these concurrent pathologies in a single hybrid procedure. Methods: Between July 2018 and December 2019, a prospective cohort of 16 patients underwent the SCOLA procedure. Subcutaneous dissection was carried out from the suprapubic region superiorly to the xiphoid process and laterally to the linea semilunaris. Hernia contents were reduced and defects were incorporated into anterior DR plication, which was performed with running barbed suture. Onlay mesh was placed to cover the entire dissected space, and subcutaneous drains were placed. Three separate attendings performed cases with one supervising attending for standard technique. Results: Of 16 patients, 14 (87.5%) were female. The mean age was 45.7 (11.9) years; mean BMI was 29.0 (3.6) kg/m2. The mean hernia defect size was 1.9 (0.7) cm. Mean operative time was 146 (46.3) minutes; two (15%) cases were performed robotically. The mean follow-up time was approximately two months (63 days). Three (18.8%) patients developed seroma, one (6.3%) patient developed an infected seroma, and two (12.5%) patients developed hernia recurrence. Conclusions: SCOLA technique is shown to be a safe and effective approach for patients presenting with small midline ventral hernias and concomitant DR. Our preliminary US data demonstrates higher rates of post-operative complication in patients with higher BMI, which suggests that patient selection and pre-operative counseling is essential to achieve better technical outcomes in our patient population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalSurgical endoscopy
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Diastasis recti
  • Laparoscopic/endoscopic
  • Onlay mesh
  • SCOLA
  • Umbilical hernia
  • Ventral hernia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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