Stressful Childhood Experiences and Clinical Outcomes in People with Serious Mental Illness

A Gender Comparison in a Clinical Psychiatric Sample

Kristina Muenzenmaier, Andres R. Schneeberger, Dorothy M. Castille, Joseph Battaglia, Azizi A. Seixas, Bruce Link

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study examines stressful childhood experiences (SCE) including childhood abuse and family context in a cohort of 183 people diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and compares gender specific rates of SCE and clinical outcome variables. Methods: 111 men and 72 women with SMI were interviewed regarding SCE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, dissociative symptoms, risk for self-harm, and adult re-victimization. Results: Both genders endorse high rates of SCE. Cumulative SCE (the sum of seven SCE) are linked to increased levels of all four outcome variables after adjusting for demographic factors. Conclusions: The study addresses the need to assess cumulative SCE in a population with SMI and its effects on clinical outcomes in both genders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-429
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Family Violence
Volume29
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Crime Victims
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders
mental illness
Psychiatry
childhood
Demography
gender
Population
experience
posttraumatic stress disorder
demographic factors
victimization
abuse

Keywords

  • Childhood trauma
  • Cumulative trauma
  • Gender
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Serious mental illness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Law
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Stressful Childhood Experiences and Clinical Outcomes in People with Serious Mental Illness : A Gender Comparison in a Clinical Psychiatric Sample. / Muenzenmaier, Kristina; Schneeberger, Andres R.; Castille, Dorothy M.; Battaglia, Joseph; Seixas, Azizi A.; Link, Bruce.

In: Journal of Family Violence, Vol. 29, No. 4, 2014, p. 419-429.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muenzenmaier, Kristina ; Schneeberger, Andres R. ; Castille, Dorothy M. ; Battaglia, Joseph ; Seixas, Azizi A. ; Link, Bruce. / Stressful Childhood Experiences and Clinical Outcomes in People with Serious Mental Illness : A Gender Comparison in a Clinical Psychiatric Sample. In: Journal of Family Violence. 2014 ; Vol. 29, No. 4. pp. 419-429.
@article{2dfa42b9be754a7fa682f7c44c79f6ff,
title = "Stressful Childhood Experiences and Clinical Outcomes in People with Serious Mental Illness: A Gender Comparison in a Clinical Psychiatric Sample",
abstract = "Objective: This study examines stressful childhood experiences (SCE) including childhood abuse and family context in a cohort of 183 people diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and compares gender specific rates of SCE and clinical outcome variables. Methods: 111 men and 72 women with SMI were interviewed regarding SCE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, dissociative symptoms, risk for self-harm, and adult re-victimization. Results: Both genders endorse high rates of SCE. Cumulative SCE (the sum of seven SCE) are linked to increased levels of all four outcome variables after adjusting for demographic factors. Conclusions: The study addresses the need to assess cumulative SCE in a population with SMI and its effects on clinical outcomes in both genders.",
keywords = "Childhood trauma, Cumulative trauma, Gender, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Serious mental illness",
author = "Kristina Muenzenmaier and Schneeberger, {Andres R.} and Castille, {Dorothy M.} and Joseph Battaglia and Seixas, {Azizi A.} and Bruce Link",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1007/s10896-014-9601-x",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "29",
pages = "419--429",
journal = "Journal of Family Violence",
issn = "0885-7482",
publisher = "Springer New York",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stressful Childhood Experiences and Clinical Outcomes in People with Serious Mental Illness

T2 - A Gender Comparison in a Clinical Psychiatric Sample

AU - Muenzenmaier, Kristina

AU - Schneeberger, Andres R.

AU - Castille, Dorothy M.

AU - Battaglia, Joseph

AU - Seixas, Azizi A.

AU - Link, Bruce

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Objective: This study examines stressful childhood experiences (SCE) including childhood abuse and family context in a cohort of 183 people diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and compares gender specific rates of SCE and clinical outcome variables. Methods: 111 men and 72 women with SMI were interviewed regarding SCE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, dissociative symptoms, risk for self-harm, and adult re-victimization. Results: Both genders endorse high rates of SCE. Cumulative SCE (the sum of seven SCE) are linked to increased levels of all four outcome variables after adjusting for demographic factors. Conclusions: The study addresses the need to assess cumulative SCE in a population with SMI and its effects on clinical outcomes in both genders.

AB - Objective: This study examines stressful childhood experiences (SCE) including childhood abuse and family context in a cohort of 183 people diagnosed with serious mental illness (SMI) and compares gender specific rates of SCE and clinical outcome variables. Methods: 111 men and 72 women with SMI were interviewed regarding SCE and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, dissociative symptoms, risk for self-harm, and adult re-victimization. Results: Both genders endorse high rates of SCE. Cumulative SCE (the sum of seven SCE) are linked to increased levels of all four outcome variables after adjusting for demographic factors. Conclusions: The study addresses the need to assess cumulative SCE in a population with SMI and its effects on clinical outcomes in both genders.

KW - Childhood trauma

KW - Cumulative trauma

KW - Gender

KW - Posttraumatic stress disorder

KW - Serious mental illness

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84900845254&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84900845254&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1007/s10896-014-9601-x

DO - 10.1007/s10896-014-9601-x

M3 - Article

VL - 29

SP - 419

EP - 429

JO - Journal of Family Violence

JF - Journal of Family Violence

SN - 0885-7482

IS - 4

ER -