Statins and Exercise Training Response in Heart Failure Patients: Insights From HF-ACTION

Jacob P. Kelly, Allison Dunning, Phillip J. Schulte, Mona Fiuzat, Eric S. Leifer, Jerome L. Fleg, Lawton S. Cooper, Steven J. Keteyian, Dalane W. Kitzman, Ileana L. Pina, William E. Kraus, David J. Whellan, Christopher M. O'Connor, Robert J. Mentz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The aim of this study was to assess for a treatment interaction between statin use and exercise training (ET) response. Background Recent data suggest that statins may attenuate ET response, but limited data exist in patients with heart failure (HF). Methods HF-ACTION (Heart Failure: A Controlled Trial Investigating Outcomes of Exercise Training) was a randomized trial of 2,331 patients with chronic HF with ejection fraction ≤35% who were randomized to usual care with or without ET. We evaluated whether there was a treatment interaction between statins and ET response for the change in quality of life and aerobic capacity (peak oxygen consumption and 6-min walk distance) from baseline to 3 months. We also assessed for a treatment interaction among atorvastatin, simvastatin, and pravastatin and change in these endpoints with ET. Multiple linear regression analyses were performed for each endpoint, adjusting for baseline covariates. Results Of 2,331 patients in the HF-ACTION trial, 1,353 (58%) were prescribed statins at baseline. Patients treated with statins were more likely to be older men with ischemic HF etiology but had similar use of renin angiotensin system blockers and beta-blockers. There was no evidence of a treatment interaction between statin use and ET on changes in quality of life or exercise capacity, nor was there evidence of differential association between statin type and ET response for these endpoints (all p values >0.05). Conclusions In a large chronic HF cohort, there was no evidence of a treatment interaction between statin use and short-term change in aerobic capacity and quality of life with ET. These findings contrast with recent reports of an attenuation in ET response with statins in a different population, highlighting the need for future prospective studies. (Exercise Training Program to Improve Clinical Outcomes in Individuals With Congestive Heart Failure; NCT00047437)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)617-624
Number of pages8
JournalJACC: Heart Failure
Volume4
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • chronic heart failure
  • exercise training
  • heart failure with reduced ejection fraction
  • statins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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    Kelly, J. P., Dunning, A., Schulte, P. J., Fiuzat, M., Leifer, E. S., Fleg, J. L., Cooper, L. S., Keteyian, S. J., Kitzman, D. W., Pina, I. L., Kraus, W. E., Whellan, D. J., O'Connor, C. M., & Mentz, R. J. (2016). Statins and Exercise Training Response in Heart Failure Patients: Insights From HF-ACTION. JACC: Heart Failure, 4(8), 617-624. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jchf.2016.05.006