Due to the prevalence of spine pathologies, biomechanical research has become essential in the clinical setting. Spinal stability is a requirement for the spine to achieve its biomechanical goals and therefore surgical intervention is often required to maintain a normal spine pathology. Interventions designed to promote spinal stability require various implants such as pedicle screws and interbody cages. The required hardware comes in different biomaterials which each have advantages and disadvantages based on their material and structural properties. 3D printing has been proposed as a method for accurate preoperative planning, patient and trainee education, intraoperative guidance systems, and intraoperative implants.