Solid organ abdominal ischemia, part I: Clinical features, etiology, imaging findings, and management

Zina J. Ricci, Sarah K. Oh, Marjorie W. Stein, Bindu Kaul, Milana Flusberg, Victoria Chernyak, Alla Rozenblit, Fernanda A. Mazzariol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Solid organ abdominal ischemia commonly presents with acute pain prompting radiologic evaluation and often requires urgent treatment. Despite different risk factors and anatomic differences, most solid organ ischemia is due to arterial or venous occlusion and, less frequently, a low-flow state. Radiologic diagnosis is critical, as clinical presentations are often nonspecific. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) is the modality of choice (except in adnexal torsion) with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) useful in equivocal cases or follow-up of ischemic disease. This article will provide a pictorial review of the CT and MRI features of solid abdominal organ ischemia while highlighting key clinical features, etiology, and management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)720-731
Number of pages12
JournalClinical Imaging
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2016

Keywords

  • CT scan
  • MRI
  • Solid organ abdominal ischemia
  • Solid organ infarction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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