This report describes the first demonstration of slow-onset feedback inhibition of an enzyme that catalyzes the first committed step in a biosynthetic pathway. α-Isopropylmalate synthase (IPMS) catalyzes the first committed step of the l-leucine biosynthetic pathway and is feedback-inhibited by l-leucine. Initial velocity experiments on the Mycobacterium tuberculosis IPMS indicate that inhibition by l-leucine is linearly noncompetitive versus α-ketoisovalerate. Time-courses displayed a burst of product formation followed by a linear steady-state rate when reactions were initiated by the addition of enzyme. The burst rate showed a hyperbolic dependence on the concentration of l-leucine indicating that inhibition proceeds in two steps, an initial rapid binding step followed by slow isomerization to a more tightly bound complex.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry