Safety profiles of percutaneous left atrial appendage closure devices: An analysis of the Food and Drug Administration Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database from 2009 to 2016

Mohammad Ali Jazayeri, Venkat Vuddanda, Mohit K. Turagam, Valay Parikh, Madhav Lavu, Donita Atkins, Matthew Earnest, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale, David Wilber, Yeruva Madhu Reddy, Dhanunjaya R. Lakkireddy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Percutaneous left atrial appendage closure (LAAC) is a viable option for AF patients who are unable to tolerate long-term oral anticoagulation (OAC). Objective: We sought to assess the safety of two commonly used percutaneous devices for LAA closure in the United States by analysis of surveillance data from the FDA Manufacturer and User Facility Device Experience (MAUDE) database. Methods: The MAUDE database was queried between May 1, 2006 and May 1, 2016 for LARIAT® (SentreHEART Inc., Redwood City, CA, USA) and WATCHMAN™ (Boston Scientific Corp., Marlborough, MA, USA) devices. Among 622 retrieved medical device reports, 356 unique and relevant reports were analyzed. The cumulative incidence of safety events was calculated over the study period and compared between the two devices. Results: LAAC was performed with LARIAT in 4,889 cases. WATCHMAN was implanted in 2,027 patients prior to FDA approval in March 2015 and 3,822 patients postapproval. The composite outcome of stroke/TIA, pericardiocentesis, cardiac surgery, and death occurred more frequently with WATCHMAN (cumulative incidence, 1.93% vs. 1.15%; P = 0.001). The same phenomenon was observed when comparing the WATCHMAN pre- and postapproval experiences for the composite outcome, as well as device embolization, cardiac surgery, and myocardial infarction. Conclusions: MAUDE-reported data show that postapproval, new technology adoption is fraught with increased complications. Improved collaboration between operators, device manufacturers, and regulators can better serve patients through increased transparency and practical postmarket training and monitoring mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5-13
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of cardiovascular electrophysiology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2018

Keywords

  • Food and Drug Administration
  • LARIAT
  • WATCHMAN
  • air embolism
  • atrial fibrillation
  • cardiac surgery
  • left atrial appendage closure
  • left atrial appendage occlusion
  • malfunction
  • mortality
  • outcomes
  • pericardial effusion
  • stroke
  • transient ischemic attack

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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