Safety and efficacy of NEPA, an oral fixed combination of netupitant and palonosetron, in older patients

Matti Aapro, Karin Jordan, Richard J. Gralla, Giada Rizzi, Giorgia Rossi, Marco Palmas, Anna V. Alyasova, Alla S. Lisyanskaya, Snežana M. Bošnjak, Paul J. Hesketh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting is critical in older cancer patients. NEPA is an oral fixed combination of netupitant 300mg, a new NK1 receptor antagonist (RA), and palonosetron 0.5mg, a pharmacologically distinct 5-HT3 RA. This retrospective analysis evaluated the efficacy and safety of NEPA in older patients. Methods: Patients aged ≥. 65 and ≥. 70. years from one phase II and two phase III trials were considered. Chemotherapy-naive patients with malignant tumors were treated with anthracycline-cyclophosphamide (AC), non-AC-based moderately emetogenic chemotherapy (non-AC MEC), or highly emetogenic chemotherapy (HEC). Following single-dose NEPA, patients received oral dexamethasone on day 1 (AC and non-AC MEC) or days 1-4 (HEC). Efficacy was evaluated through complete response (CR) in cycle 1. Safety was evaluated by AEs and ECGs. Data were summarized by descriptive statistics. Results: Overall, 214 patients were ≥. 65. years and 80 were ≥. 70. years. A higher CR was observed in older patients versus the total population; in the acute phase >. 90% of patients ≥. 65. years experienced CR. Efficacy was maintained over multiple cycles of chemotherapy. No significant nausea rates were generally higher in the older patients versus total population. Similar rates of AEs in the first treatment cycle were reported for patients ≥. 65. years, ≥. 70. years, and total population (72.9% vs 67.5% vs 70.0%, respectively). No cardiac safety concerns were raised. Conclusion: NEPA is highly effective in older patients receiving MEC or HEC regimens. NEPA is also well tolerated, demonstrating suitability for use in older patients who may have comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Geriatric Oncology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • 5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist
  • CINV
  • Highly emetogenic chemotherapy
  • Moderately emetogenic chemotherapy
  • Multiple chemotherapy cycles
  • NEPA
  • Netupitant
  • Neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist
  • Older patients
  • Palonosetron

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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    Aapro, M., Jordan, K., Gralla, R. J., Rizzi, G., Rossi, G., Palmas, M., Alyasova, A. V., Lisyanskaya, A. S., Bošnjak, S. M., & Hesketh, P. J. (Accepted/In press). Safety and efficacy of NEPA, an oral fixed combination of netupitant and palonosetron, in older patients. Journal of Geriatric Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jgo.2016.09.002