Roles of Rho-associated kinase and myosin light chain kinase in morphological and migratory defects of focal adhesion kinase-null cells

Bor Huah Chen, Jason T.C. Tzen, Anne R. Bresnick, Hong Chen

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117 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fibroblasts derived from focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-null mouse embryos have a reduced migration rate and an increase in the number and size of peripherally localized adhesions (Ilic, D., Furuta, Y., Kanazawa, S., Takeda, N., Sobue, K., Nakatsuji, N., Nomura, S., Fujimoto, J., Okada, M., and Yamamoto, T. (1995) Nature 377, 539-544). In this study, we have found that Y27632, a specific inhibitor for Rho-associated kinase (Rho-kinase), dramatically reversed the round cell morphology of FAK-/- cells to a spread fibroblast-like shape in 30 min and significantly enhanced their motility. The effects of Y27632 on the FAK-/- cell morphology and motility were concomitant with reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and redistribution of focal adhesions. Conversely, the expression of the constitutively active Rho-kinase in FAK+/+ cells led to round cell shape and inhibition of cell motility. Furthermore, coincident with the formation of cortical actin filaments, myosin light chain (MLC), Ser-19-phosphorylated MLC, and MLC kinase mainly accumulated at the FAK-/- cell periphery. We found that the disruption of actin filaments by cytochalasin D prevented the peripheral accumulation of MLC kinase and that inhibition of myosin-mediated contractility by 2,3-butanedione monoxime induced FAK-/- cells to spread. Taken together, our results suggest that Rho-kinase may mediate the formation of cortical actomyosin filaments at the FAK-/- cell periphery, which further recruits MLC kinase to the cell periphery and generates a non-polar contractile force surrounding the cell, leading to cell rounding and decreased motility.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33857-33863
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number37
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 13 2002

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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