Role of protein glycosylation in Candida parapsilosis cell wall integrity and host interaction

Luis A. Pérez-García, Katalin Csonka, Arturo Flores-Carreón, Eine Estrada-Mata, Erika Mellado-Mojica, Tibor Németh, Luz A. López-Ramírez, Renata Toth, Mercedes G. López, Csaba Vizler, Annamaria Marton, Adél Tóth, Joshua D. Nosanchuk, Attila Gácser, Héctor M. Mora-Montes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Candida parapsilosis is an important, emerging opportunistic fungal pathogen. Highly mannosylated fungal cell wall proteins are initial contact points with host immune systems. In Candida albicans, Och1 is a Golgi α1,6-mannosyltransferase that plays a key role in the elaboration of the N-linked mannan outer chain. Here, we disrupted C. parapsilosis OCH1 to gain insights into the contribution of N-linked mannosylation to cell fitness and to interactions with immune cells. Loss of Och1 in C. parapsilosis resulted in cellular aggregation, failure of morphogenesis, enhanced susceptibility to cell wall perturbing agents and defects in wall composition. We removed the cell wall O-linked mannans by β-elimination, and assessed the relevance of mannans during interaction with human monocytes. Results indicated that O-linked mannans are important for IL-1β stimulation in a dectin-1 and TLR4-dependent pathway; whereas both, N- and O-linked mannans are equally important ligands for TNFα and IL-6 stimulation, but neither is involved in IL-10 production. Furthermore, mice infected with C. parapsilosis och1Δ null mutant cells had significantly lower fungal burdens compared to wild-type (WT)-challenged counterparts. Therefore, our data are the first to demonstrate that C. parapsilosis N- and O-linked mannans have different roles in host interactions than those reported for C. albicans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number306
JournalFrontiers in Microbiology
Volume7
Issue numberMAR
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 8 2016

Keywords

  • Candida parapsilosis
  • Cell wall
  • Host-fungus interplay
  • Mannosylation pathway
  • Mannosyltransferase
  • Virulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Microbiology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Role of protein glycosylation in Candida parapsilosis cell wall integrity and host interaction'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this