Role of P-selectin cytoplasmic domain in granular targeting in vivo and in early inflammatory responses

Daqing W. Hartwell, Tanya N. Mayadas, Gaëtan Berger, Paul S. Frenette, Helen Rayburn, Richard O. Hynes, Denisa D. Wagner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

P-selectin is an adhesion receptor for leukocytes expressed on activated platelets and endothelial cells. The cytoplasmic domain of P-selectin was shown in vitro to contain signals required for both the sorting of this protein into storage granules and its internalization from the plasma membrane. To evaluate in vivo the role of the regulated secretion of P- selectin, we have generated a mouse that expresses P-selectin lacking the cytoplasmic domain (ΔCT mice). The deletion did not affect the sorting of P- selectin into α-granules of platelets but severely compromised the storage of P-selectin in endothelial cells. Unstored P-selectin was proteolytically shed from the plasma membrane, resulting in increased levels of soluble P- selectin in the plasma. The ΔCT-P-selectin appeared capable of mediating cell adhesion as it supported leukocyte rolling in the mutant mice. However, a secretagogue failed to upregulate leukocyte rolling in the ΔCT mice, indicating an absence of a releasable storage pool of P-selectin in the endothelium. Furthermore, the neutrophil influx into the inflamed peritoneum was only 30% of the wild-type level 2 h after stimulation. Our results suggest that different sorting mechanisms for P-selectin are used in platelets and endothelial cells and that the storage pool of P-selectin in endothelial cells is functionally important during early stages of inflammation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1129-1141
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cell Biology
Volume143
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 16 1998
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cytoplasmic domain
  • Endothelium
  • Granular targeting
  • P-selectin
  • Platelets

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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