Robotic partial nephrectomy in patients with chronic kidney disease: Objective measurement of short- A nd long-term renal functional outcomes

Charbel Chalouhy, Jessica M. Ruck, Tian Zhou, Abishek Sirvastava, Aryeh Keehn, Kara Watts, Pedro Maria, Reza Ghavamian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Minimal literature informs the use of robotic partial nephrectomy (RPN) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Therefore, we evaluated the renal functional outcomes in CKD patients undergoing RPN. Methods: We reviewed a prospective database of patients undergoing RPN 2010 to 2015 and identified 182 patients who had preoperative and postoperative nuclear renal scintigraphy (at 2 and 12 months postop). Preoperative and 12-month postoperative eGFR (mL/min/1.73 m2, by MDRD) were calculated. CKD was defined as eGFR ≤60 mL/min/1.73 m2 (CKD stages III and IV). Changes in creatinine, eGFR, and split function on mercaptoacetyltriglycine (MAG)-3 scan were compared by baseline CKD status. Correlations between pre- A nd postoperative eGFR were calculated. Results: Of 182 patients, 30 (16.5%) had baseline CKD. Preoperative eGFR was 48.5 and 99.0 in CKD and non-CKD patients, respectively (p < 0.001). From preoperation to 12 months postoperation, eGFR decreased by 2.8 and 1.1 mL/min/1.73 m2, respectively (p = 0.6). On MAG-3 scan, the contribution of the surgical kidney to overall renal function decreased by 5.0% and 4.8% (p = 0.9) in the CKD and non-CKD cohorts, respectively. When comparing renal scans at 2 and 12 months postoperation, in both groups the surgical kidney significantly recovered (both p < 0.001) and the patterns of kidney function recovery was similar in both groups (CKD +2.0%, non-CKD +1.4%, p = 0.6). On long-term follow-up (>2 years), eGFR did not change significantly in either the CKD or non-CKD group (-2.8 vs-1.1 mL/min/1.73 m2, p = 0.6). On pathology, tumors were more frequently malignant in CKD vs non-CKD patients (93.3% vs 73.2%, p = 0.02) and of higher Fuhrman Grade (grade ≥3: 49.7% vs 28.1%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: RPN is a reasonable treatment option in patients with CKD, as it did not lead to a greater decline in renal function contributed by the surgical kidney. The patterns of kidney function recovery after surgery are similar between patients with and without CKD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)630-634
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2018

Keywords

  • chronic kidney disease
  • eGFR
  • renal mass
  • renal scan
  • robotic partial nephrectomy
  • split renal function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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