Robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy versus open simple prostatectomy: a New York statewide analysis of early adoption and outcomes between 2009 and 2017

Krishna T. Ravivarapu, Olamide Omidele, John Pfail, Nir Tomer, Alexander C. Small, Michael A. Palese

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The factors driving early adoption of robotic-assisted simple prostatectomy (RASP) for large gland BPH have not yet been identified. This study aims to determine the patient, provider, and facility level differences and predictors in undergoing RASP versus OSP. This population-based cohort study used data from the all-payer New York State Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System (SPARCS) database. Patient, provider, and facility characteristics for each cohort were analyzed, and a multivariate analysis was conducted to identify predictive factors associated with undergoing RASP versus OSP. From 2009 to 2017, 1881 OSP and 216 RASP cases were identified. RASP utilization increased from 2.6% of all cases in 2009 to 16.8% in 2017. Patient demographics were similar between both cohorts. Median length of stay was shorter for RASP patients (3 vs. 4 days, p < 0.001), and OSP was associated with a long length of stay (> 7 days) (p < 0.001). There were no significant differences in 30- and 90-day readmission rates or 1-year mortality. More OSP patients were discharged to continued care facilities than RASP patients (p = 0.049), and more RASP patients were discharged to home compared to OSP patients (p = 0.035). Positive predictors for undergoing RASP included teaching hospital status, medium and high hospital bed volume, high hospital operative volume, high surgeon volume, and surgeons that graduated within 15 years of surgery. As RASP shows favorable perioperative outcomes, the diffusion of robotic technology and newer graduates entering the workforce may augment the upward trend of RASP utilization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)627-633
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Robotic Surgery
Volume15
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia
  • Large prostate gland
  • Minimally invasive surgery
  • Robotic surgery
  • Simple prostatectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Health Informatics

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